Chemistry definitions

Atom
the smallest unit of any element that still retains the physical and chemical properties of that element
1 of 19
covalent bond
strong bond formed by the sharing of electrons
2 of 19
Hydrogen bonds
Weak but essential bonds
3 of 19
Molecular formula
the relative no of atoms present in one molecule of a given compound
4 of 19
Structural formula
indicates how different atoms in a molecule are connected
5 of 19
isomers
compounds that have the same atoms but different structure
6 of 19
Gycolysis
breakdown of glucose for energy
7 of 19
Glycogenesis
excess glucose stored as glycogen
8 of 19
Glucogenesis
conversion of AA to Glucose
9 of 19
Glycogenolysis
Breakdown of glycogen to glucose
10 of 19
Lipogenesis
conversion of carbohydrates to fatty acids
11 of 19
Saponification
reaction of triglycerides with a strong base to make soap
12 of 19
Absolute specificity
only catalyse one reaction
13 of 19
Group specificity
only with certain functional groups
14 of 19
Linkage
react only on molecules with certain functional groups
15 of 19
stereochemical
Only act on particular optical isomers
16 of 19
Metabolism
Totality of an organisms chemical processes
17 of 19
Exon
streches of DNA that are transcribed and the seq reflected in final protein
18 of 19
Intron
streches of DNA transcribed but not translated - spliced
19 of 19

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

covalent bond

Back

strong bond formed by the sharing of electrons

Card 3

Front

Hydrogen bonds

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Molecular formula

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Structural formula

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar All resources:

See all All resources »