Chemistry

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Acid
proton donor
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pH of a acid
below 7
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Alkali
pH more than 7
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Alkane
saturated hydrocarbon
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first 10 alkanes
methane, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, hexane, heptane, octane, nonane, decane
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formula for alkane
CnH2n+2
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Alkene
unsaturated hydrocarbon, containing a double bond
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what colour does bromine water turn with a alkene
from orange to colourless
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formula of an alkene
CnH2n
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Base
a proton acceptor
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Bioleaching
process of extraction of metals from ores using micro-organisms
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catalyst
it speeds up a reaction without getting used up its self
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cracking
the breaking down of large hydrocarbons in to smaller more useful hydrocarbons, alkene and a alkane will be produced, cracked over a hot catalyst
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covalent bond
a shared pair of electrons
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electrolysis
the breaking down of substances containing ions via electricity
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fractional distillation
separating liquids by boiling off the substances at different temperatures and then condensing
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Hydrogenated oil
has had hydrogen added to it to reduce its saturation in the hardening process to make margarine
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Ionic bond
the electrostatic attraction between oppositley charged ions
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monomer
small reactive molecules that react together in repeating sequences to form large molecules
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Charge and position of a proton
1+ in the Nucleus
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Position and charge of the neutron
0 in the Nucleus
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Position and charge of an electron
1- in the Outer Shell
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What elements form an ionic bond
metals and non-metals
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What elements form a covalent
Non-metals and non metals
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test for CO2
Bubble it through limewater and if it turns cloudy, CO2 is present
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What are the products when you react a carbonate and an acid?
Salt, water and carbon dioxide
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What is the removal of oxygen called?
Reduction
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What is thr addition of oxygen called?
Oxidation
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What is a metal mixed with other elements called?
Alloy
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How is aluminium extracted
Electrolysis
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Where are the transition metals found
In the middle of the periodic table, inbetween group 2 and 3
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2 methods of making ethanol
fermentation and hydration
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Bottom part of the crust
asthenosphere
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2 methods of making ethanol
fermentation and hydration
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Bottom part of the crust
asthenosphere
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

pH of a acid

Back

below 7

Card 3

Front

Alkali

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Alkane

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

first 10 alkanes

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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