Chemistry

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  • Created by: Sorrel
  • Created on: 13-05-13 13:07
The smallest of single chemical particles
atom
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2 or more atoms, the same or different, that are chemically joined together
molecule
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a substance that cannot be broken down into anything simpler, and it is made of only one type of atom
element
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2 or more different elements that are chemically joined together
compound
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the number of electrons that can occupy the inner shell of an atom
two
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the nukber of electrons that can occupy any subsequent shell of an atom
eight
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a different type of atom of the same element with the same number of protons, electrons but a different number of neutrons
isotope
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when neutral atoms become charged particles when they combine with other atoms
ionic bonding
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The bonding between a non-metal and a non-metal
covalent
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The bonding between a non-metal and a metal
ionic
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What the metal atom becomes after ionic bonding
positive
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What the non-metal atom becomes after ionic bonding
negative
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eg: 2,8,8,2
electron configuration
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Calcium carbonate
limestone
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The chemical formula for limestone
CaCO3
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The name of the reaction given when a metal carbonate is heated to make a metal oxide and carbon dioxide
thermal decomposition
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A substance that is made by heating powdered limestone with clay
cement
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A mixture of cement, sand, water and aggregate
concrete
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A mixture of cement, sand and water
mortar
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Strong, hard, durable and compact are all properties of what?
limestone
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Calcium oxide
quicklime
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Calcium hydroxide
slaked lime
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Clacium hydroxide solution
limewater
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The metals that are found in the middle of the periodic table
transition
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A metal that is often used in plumbing, making pipes and wires
copper
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when plants absorb copper compounds through their roots and are harvested
phytomining
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When bacteria produce solutions called leachates that contain copper compounds, after the bacteria have absorbed them
bioleaching
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Another substance used to extract copper from solutions of copper salts
scrap iron
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A mixture of 2 or more elements and where one is a metal
alloy
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Alloys are ........ than pure metals
stronger
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Where iron is extracted from iron ore
blast furnace
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A more pure form of carbon used in the blast furnace
coke
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iron ore
iron oxide
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The name given to a rock that contains enough of a mineral for a metal to be extracted from it
ore
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When a metal oxide is reacted with carbon to form a metal and carbon dioxide - ........ with carbon
reduction
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

2 or more atoms, the same or different, that are chemically joined together

Back

molecule

Card 3

Front

a substance that cannot be broken down into anything simpler, and it is made of only one type of atom

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

2 or more different elements that are chemically joined together

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

the number of electrons that can occupy the inner shell of an atom

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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