Chemistry Keywords: Bonding and Structure

  • Created by: Delta_
  • Created on: 01-11-16 22:16
A region of space within an atom that can hold 2 electrons with opposite spin
Orbital
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The total number of particles in a mole of substance. It is numerically equal to 6.022 x 10^23
Avagadro's Constant
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Covalent bonding in which both of the electrons in the bond come from one of the atoms in the bond
Co-ordinate bonding
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Describes a chemical bond in a pair of electrons that are shared between 2 atoms
Covalent bonding
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The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element in a compound
Empirical formula
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The forces of attraction and repulsion between electrically charged particles
Electrostatic forces
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A set of organic compounds with the same functional group.
Homologous series
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A combustion reaction in which there is insufficient oxygen for all of the carbon in the fuel to burn to carbon dioxide. Carbon monoxide is formed
Incomplete combustion
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A chemical bond in which an electron(s) are transferred from one atom to the other resulting in the formation of oppositely charged ions with electrostatic forces of attraction between them
Ionic bonding
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The energy required to remove a mole of electrons from a mole of isolated gaseous atoms/ions
Ionisation energy
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A regular three-dimensional arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules
Lattice
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A pair of electrons in the outer shell of an atom that is not involved in bonding
Lone pair
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A quantity of a substance that contains the Avagadro number of particles
Mole
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The tiny positively charged cente of an atom composed of protons and neutrons
Nucleus
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A reaction in which an atom/group of atoms loses electrons
Oxidation
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The actual amount of product produced divided by the theoretical yield expressed as a percentage
Percentage yield
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The number of electrons lost or gained by an atom in a compound compared to the uncombined atom
Oxidation state
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A type for of intermolecular force of attraction that is caused by instantaneous dipoles and acts between all atoms and molecules
van der Waals force
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The force that holds protons and neutrons together within the nucleus of the atom
Nuclear force
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The total number of particles in a mole of substance. It is numerically equal to 6.022 x 10^23

Back

Avagadro's Constant

Card 3

Front

Covalent bonding in which both of the electrons in the bond come from one of the atoms in the bond

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describes a chemical bond in a pair of electrons that are shared between 2 atoms

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element in a compound

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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