Chemistry (F334 & F335) reagents and conditions

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  • Created by: isaac
  • Created on: 29-05-16 10:57
Alkene -> Alkane (Hydrogenation)
H2 (g), finely divided Ni, 150C, 5atm OR Pt, room temp, 1 atm
1 of 32
Alkene -> Halogenoalkane
conc. HBr (aq), room temp
2 of 32
Alkene -> Addition Polymer (radical Mechanism)
Trace O2(g), 200C, 1500atm
3 of 32
Alkene -> Alcohol
H20(g), Phosphoric acid catalyst, 300C, 60atm OR Conc H2SO4 followed by H2O (electrophilic addition)
4 of 32
Alkene -> Bromoalkane
Br2, organic solvent, room temp
5 of 32
Alkane -> Chloroalkane (radical substitution) + HCl(g)
Cl2(g), UV light
6 of 32
Halogenoalkane -> Amine
Conc NH3(aq), heat in a sealed tube
7 of 32
Halogenoalkane -> Alcohol
Water (slow), OR NaOH, Reflux
8 of 32
Halogenoalkane -> Nitrile
KCN
9 of 32
Primary Alcohol -> Aldehyde (oxidation)
Acidified Potassium Dichromate (VI) Solution (APD7S) (Cr2O72-/H+), distillation
10 of 32
Primary Alcohol or Aldehyde -> Carboxylic Acid (oxidation)
APD7S, Reflux
11 of 32
Secondary Alcohol -> Ketone (oxidation)
APD7S, Reflux
12 of 32
Alcohol -> Alkene + H2O (dehydration)
Al2O3(s), 300C OR Conc H2SO4, Reflux
13 of 32
Alcohol -> Bromoalkene (Nucleophillic Substitution)
HBr(aq) (made from NaBr(s) + conc H2SO4), Reflux
14 of 32
Alcohol -> Chloroalkane (Nucleophillic Substitution)
Conc HCl
15 of 32
Alcohol Ester (Esterification and Hydrolysis)
Acyl Chloride/Acid Anhydride (anhydrous conditions) OR Carboxylic Acid, conc H2SO4, reflux
16 of 32
Aldehyde, Ketone -> Primary and Secondary Alcohol (reduction)
NABH4
17 of 32
Aldehyde, Ketone -> Cyanohydrin (Nucleophillic Addition)
HCN + Alkali
18 of 32
Carboxylic Acid Carboxylate ion
HCl(aq) and NaOH(aq)
19 of 32
Carboxylic Acid -> Ester
Alcohol, conc H2SO4, reflux
20 of 32
Acid Anhydride -> Ester
Alcohol, anhydrous conditions, reflux
21 of 32
Acyl Chloride -> Ester
Alcohol OR Phenol, room temp
22 of 32
Acyl Chloride -> Primary Amide
Conc NH3(Aq), room temp
23 of 32
Amide -> Carboxylic Acid (Hydrolysis)
Reflux, H+ OR OH- (aq)
24 of 32
Acyl Chloride -> Secondary Amide
R-NH2, room temp
25 of 32
Sulfonation
conc H2SO4 (SO3 electrophile), Reflux
26 of 32
Nitration
conc H2SO4, conc HNO3, NO2+ + 2HSO4- + H3O+)
27 of 32
Chlorination
Cl2, anhydrous AlCl3, room temp, Cl+ electrophile
28 of 32
Bromination
Br2, anhydrous FeBr3 or iron filings, rrom temp, Br+ electrophile
29 of 32
Alkylation
Chloroalkane, anhydrous AlCl3, reflux, CH3CH2+(AlCl4-) electrophile
30 of 32
Acylation
Acyl Chloride, Anhydrous AlCl3, Reflux, CH3C)+(AlCl4-) electrophile
31 of 32
Benzene -> Cycloalkane (Hydrogentation)
H2(g), finely divided Ni, 300C, 30atm
32 of 32

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Alkene -> Halogenoalkane

Back

conc. HBr (aq), room temp

Card 3

Front

Alkene -> Addition Polymer (radical Mechanism)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Alkene -> Alcohol

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Alkene -> Bromoalkane

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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