What shells are broken down into subshells called?

Orbitals

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How many orbitals are there and what are they called?

4 orbitals- s, p, d, and f

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What does the Aufbau principle state and why?

Electrons fill the orbital with the lowest available energy state in relation to the nucleus before filling orbitals with higher energy status- this gives the most stable electron configuration possible.

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How many max number of electrons in the 1st shell?

2

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How many max number of electrons in the 2nd shell?

8

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How many max number of electrons in the 3rd shell?

18

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How many max number of electrons in the 4th shell?

32

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How many max number of electrons in the 5th shell?

50

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How many can each orbital hold up to?

2

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There are 7 ions that is helpful to remember, what are they?

Nitrate, Carbonate, Sulfate, Hydroxide, Ammonium, Zinc and Silver

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What is the formula for Nitrate?

NO3- (small 3-)

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What is the formula for Carbonate?

CO3 2- (small 3 and 2-)

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What is the formula for Sulfate?

SO4 2- (small 4 and 2-)

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What is the formula for Hydroxide?

OH-

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What is the formula for Ammonium?

NH4+ (small 4+)

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What is the formula for Zinc?

Zn2+ (small 2+)

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What is the formula for Silver?

Ag+

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What group are metals?

Groups 1, 2 and 3

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What group are non-metals?

Groups 5, 6 and 7

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What charge are the non-metals?

3- , 2-, and 1-

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Why do the numbers of each atom on both sides of an equation have to be the same?

Because you cannot simply destroy or create atoms in chemical reactions

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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many orbitals are there and what are they called?

Back

4 orbitals- s, p, d, and f

Card 3

Front

What does the Aufbau principle state and why?

Back

Card 4

Front

How many max number of electrons in the 1st shell?

Back

Card 5

Front

How many max number of electrons in the 2nd shell?

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