chemistry

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protons
has 1 mass and +1 charge
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electron
has 0 mass and -1 charge
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neutrons
has 1 mass and 0 charge
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atomic number
the number of protons in each atom and the atomic number is at the bottom
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mass number
the number of protons and neutrons and mass number is at the top of the symbol
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nucleus
contains protons and neutrons
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electrons
orbits the nucleus
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CaCO3
calcium carbonate
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alloy
mixture of a metal with other elements
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reduction
the removal of oxygen
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ore
a naturally occurring rock that contain enough metal to make it economic to extract
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useful properties of aluminium
resistant to corrosion, low density, light weight
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useful properties of titanium
resistant to corrosion, low density, light weight
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electrolysis
using electricity to remove a metal from its ore
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alkane
Cn+H2n+2 also this is a saturated hydrocarbon
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alkene
Cn+H2n also it is a unsaturated hydrocarbon
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boiling point
bigger molecules have higher bps
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viscosity
bigger molecules are more viscous
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flammability
bigger molecules are harder to light
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biofuels
fuels made from plants
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cracking
breaking long chain hydrocarbons into smaller, more useful molecules
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types of emulsions
ice cream, salad dressing, paint, cosmetics
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sources of vegetable
fruits, seeds, nuts
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tectonic plate
section of the crust
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wegeners theory
all the countries were once connected
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absolute zero
a theoretical condition concering a system at zero
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accuracy
how close a value is to the actual or true value
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acid
a compund that, when dissolved in waeter, gives a pH of less than 0.7
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alkali metals
the metals group 1 on the periodic table
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amplitude
the maximum distance that the particles of the medium carrying the wave move away from their rest position
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biochemistry
the chemistry of organisms
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catalyst
a chemical compund used to change the rate of reaction
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compound
a substance that is made up of two or more chemically bonded elements
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condensation
the phase change from gas to liquid
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conductor
material that allows electric flow more freely
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covalent bonding
chemical bonding that involves sharing electrons
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double bond
sharing of two pairs of electadodes
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ion
a molecule that has gained or lost one or more electrons
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ionic bonding
electrostatic attraction between oppositely charges ions
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ionization
the breaking up of a compound into seperate ions
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joule
the SI unit of energy, defined as a newton-meter
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kinetic energy
the energy of an object due to its motion
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liquid
a state of matter which takes the shape of its container
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melting
when a solid turns into a liquid
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noble gases
when the outer shell has full electrons
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pH
the measure of acidity of a solution
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potential energy
energy stored in a body or in a system due to its position in a force field or due to its configiration
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radiation
energy in the form of waves
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single bond
sharing of one pair of electron
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solid
when the molecules are all packed together
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solute
the part of the solution that is mixed into the solvent
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solution
mixture made up of multiple substances
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solvent
the part of the solution that dissolves the solute
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sub atomic particles
particles that are smaller then an atom
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substance
material with definite chemical composition
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triple bond
the sharing of three pairs of electrons within a covalent bonding
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vapor
when a substance is below the critical tempreture while in the gas phase
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vapour pressure
pressure of vapour over liquid at equlibrium
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vaporization
when liquid changes to a gas
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viscosity
the resistant of a liquid to flow oil
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volt
one joule of work per coulomb
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x-ray
form of ionizing, electromagnetic radiation, between gamma and uv ray
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

electron

Back

has 0 mass and -1 charge

Card 3

Front

neutrons

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

atomic number

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

mass number

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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