{ CHEM } OCR F322 2.1.1 Definitions

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  • Created by: kaen
  • Created on: 26-05-15 10:10
structural formula
the minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a molecule
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displayed formula
shows the relative positioning of atoms and the bonds between them
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molecular formula
actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule
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empirical formula
simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element present in a compound
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stereoisomers
compounds with the same structural formula but a different arrangement of atoms in space
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homologous series
a series of organic compounds having the same functional group but with each successive member differing by CH2
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general formula
the simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous series
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E/Z isomerism
stereoisomerism is which two of the substituent groups are the same
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functional group
a group of atoms responsible for the characteristic reactions of a compound
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structural isomers
compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formulas
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skeletal formula
the simplified organic formula, shown by removing hydrogen atoms from alkyl chains, leaving just a carbon skeleton and associated functional group
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

shows the relative positioning of atoms and the bonds between them

Back

displayed formula

Card 3

Front

actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

simplest whole number ratio of atoms of each element present in a compound

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

compounds with the same structural formula but a different arrangement of atoms in space

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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