CHD & other co-morbidities

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Becca
  • Created on: 22-12-13 23:44
What is CHD, what causes it & what does this result in?
CHD = coronary heart disease. CHD can result in physical damage of myocardium resulting from ischaemic hypoxia caused by disruption of coronary artery flow. Primary cause is atherosclerosis. Result: myocardial infarction/tissue necrosis/death
1 of 7
How does diet contribute to CHD?
High blood cholesterol is major risk factor, saturated/trans fats raise blood cholesterol. Dietary cholesterol also raises blood cholesterol which leads to heart attach & increases the risk of stroke
2 of 7
What are the dietary recommendations to reduce risk of CHD?
Saturated fats shouldn't exceed 7% of total calories. Trans fats should not exceed 1%. Overweight people should not consumer more than 30% of total calories from fat
3 of 7
Define inactivity
Less than 30 minutes of moderate physical activity, equivalent to brisk walking, each day
4 of 7
How does smoking increase risk of CHD?
Increases myocardial work by decreasing blood oxygen content, carbon monoxide & other gases replace the oxygen. Doubles the change of having a heart attach & damages coronary arteries. Damages the flow of blood (impotency), decreases HDL cholesterol
5 of 7
Define co-morbidities
The presence of more than one disease or health condition in an individual at a given. The association may reflect a causal relationship
6 of 7
Which co-mobidities are associated with CHD?
Insulin resistance/diabetes, obesity, hypertension, major depression etc.
7 of 7

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How does diet contribute to CHD?

Back

High blood cholesterol is major risk factor, saturated/trans fats raise blood cholesterol. Dietary cholesterol also raises blood cholesterol which leads to heart attach & increases the risk of stroke

Card 3

Front

What are the dietary recommendations to reduce risk of CHD?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define inactivity

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How does smoking increase risk of CHD?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Medicine resources:

See all Medicine resources »See all Nutrition resources »