Charlton et al (2000)

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What was the aim of this study? Where was it conducted and why was this area special?
Aim - To investigate the effect of the introduction of satellite TV on the aggressive behavior of children. The study was conducted on The Island of St Helena, it was conducted here because before 1995 the island had no access to TV.
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What was the procedure for this study?
Conducted on 3-8 year olds from 2 schools (160 pupils average). Playground behaviour analysed in 1994 (256 min of footage) and then after TV was introduced in 2000 (344 min of footage). Analysis based on 4 anti and pro-social behaviours.
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What were the results for this study?
9 significant results found within the study, resulting in a net positive of 1 pro-social behaviour. Anti-social behaviour was originally low and remained low, children displayed twice as much pro-social behaviour than anti-social after TV was introd
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What was the conclusion of this study?
The presence of TV does not necessarily results in aggressive behaviour in children. No differences were found in the aggressive behaviours most associated with TV violence like kicking and pushing.
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What were the strengths of this study?
Natural experiment so high ecological validity. Cameras set up discreetly so children didn’t know they were being watched and would act naturally. Very applicable to society; TV is watched all the time so info on its impact is useful to people.
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What were the weaknesses of this study?
Not generalisable to other cultures because the island was very small and remote. Results are being subjectively analysed; some people disagree on what is pro-social and anti-social.
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What was the procedure for this study?

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Conducted on 3-8 year olds from 2 schools (160 pupils average). Playground behaviour analysed in 1994 (256 min of footage) and then after TV was introduced in 2000 (344 min of footage). Analysis based on 4 anti and pro-social behaviours.

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What were the results for this study?

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What was the conclusion of this study?

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What were the strengths of this study?

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