Charlton

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What was the aim of the study?
To investigate the effect of introduction of TV on the agressive behaviour of chilren.
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What was the timeline in which TV was introduced and then data measured?
Behaviour analysed in 1994 before TV, intro of TV in 1995, behaviour assessed again in 2000
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Who were the participants?
Children from 2 schools - 160 in total, aged 3-8
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How many mins of video were taken in the first free play session?
256
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How many mins of video were taken in 2000 after TV became available?
344
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How long were the free play sessions recorded for each time?
2 weeks
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How many playground behaviours were identified?
26
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What was the behaviour categorised into?
Pro Social - sharing, helping. Anti Social - pushing, forcing.
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What was done to ensure all tallies were accurate?
Only the agreed tallies were recorded.
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How many comparisons were significant?
9/64
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How many boys had a decrease in anti social behaviour?
2/9
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How many boys and girls had a decrease in pro social behaviour?
5/9
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How many boys had an increaase in pro social behaviour?
2/9
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What were the overall results?
Both boys and girls showed an increase in pro social behavior and children displayed almost twice as much pro social than anti social behaviour before and after TV.
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What was the conclusion?
The intro of TV had no negative effects on their behavioutr - opposite. This contradicts most lab research.
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What are the strengths of the study?
Larges sample of 160 - generalisable. Inter rater reliability found which makes it more reliable. High ecological
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Card 2

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What was the timeline in which TV was introduced and then data measured?

Back

Behaviour analysed in 1994 before TV, intro of TV in 1995, behaviour assessed again in 2000

Card 3

Front

Who were the participants?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many mins of video were taken in the first free play session?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many mins of video were taken in 2000 after TV became available?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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