Charles II's Relations with France and the Netherlands

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What relationship did Charles have with the French king Louis XIV?
Very positive, tried to reflect the French style in his court- although could argue that France saw Charles as a client
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What concerns did Charles' relationship with France spark?
Fear of Charles drifting to Catholicism and absolutism
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Why did Charles adopt an anti-Dutch policy?
They were in economic rivalry, and they were associated with religious radicalism and republicanism
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What was the 1660 Navigation Act?
More radical than that of 1651- only English ships could transport goods from the West Indies. west Afruca and Asia & only English ships could carry certain listed goods
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What was the Staple Act 1663?
Colonists had to import European good from England and could only be transported by English ships
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What was Charles' main reason for going to war with the Dutch?
He thought it would be profitable
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Overall was the Second Dutch War a success or a failure?
Failure- there were some minor successes e.g. Duke of York's victory and the St. james' day victory- but there were more drastic failures e.g. A the loss of 8'000 men and 20 ships in the four day battle
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What does Harris say about Charles' foreign policy?
It was inglorious- especially compared to the achievements of Cromwell
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How much money did parliament vote for the Second Dutch War?
£3.95 million
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How did people interpret the beginning of Charles' rule?
They thought that God judged Charkes badly because of the failure of the Dutch War, the outbreak of plague in 1665 and the Great Fire of London in 1666
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Card 2

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What concerns did Charles' relationship with France spark?

Back

Fear of Charles drifting to Catholicism and absolutism

Card 3

Front

Why did Charles adopt an anti-Dutch policy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the 1660 Navigation Act?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the Staple Act 1663?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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