Charles I - Relations with Cortes + Nobility

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Charles I is seen as a ruler who
followed others + developed their systems = Ferdinand + Isabella who were his grandparents
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When did he become Holy Roman Emperor?
1519
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As Holy Roman Emperor
he was not always present in Spain even in the early years
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When was he absent from Spain?
1519 - 1521, 1529 - 1556
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Was this a problem for Aragon?
No, as they were used to an absenteeism monarch, as Ferdinand was always in Castile or fighting wars
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What does J. Hunt say about how effective he was?
despite Charles' absence, he still made decisions, e.g. New World, Council of Indies,
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What does J.H. Elliott say about how effective he was?
more critical - Charles lacked initiative + saw his territories as a “mere aggregation"
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Relations at the beginning with the Cortes
Were difficult
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What did the Cortes do in 1518?
Cortes held in Valladolid, in Castile, initially refused to recognise Charles as King
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Cortes wanted to extract as much as they could from Charles
e.g. they wanted him to respect the Castilian laws, remove foreign advisors and learn Spanish, as he was originally from Netherlands
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The Cortes declared Charles
"Most powerful lord, you are in our service"
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What did Charles eventually do?
He managed to impose his authority on them, but not without a struggle
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What did Charles need from the Cortes?
money to help him become Holy Roman Emperor
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Cortes of Santiago + Corunna
they were summoned by Charles, they granted him money (servicios) but only after stormy encounters + the application of a great deal of pressure + persuasion
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What happened in 1523?
Charles meet Cortes at Valladolid
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What happened at this meeting?
Once in session it began to discuss political issues + normal order of events + Charles had to step in + speak to them, asserting his authority
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What happened in 1525?
Cortes of Toledo, in Castile = Charles proposed the idea of establishing a Diputacion to get money from the Cortes
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What is a Diputacion?
committee that met in the absence of the Cortes to conduct business
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How and where was this system used?
System was used in Aragon + allowed a permanent body to be set up to supervise the collection of the taxes + to ensure that Charles fulfilled his promise to the Cortes = proposal was implemented
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What happened in 1527?
Charles was again in need of a special grant of money, this time to pay for campaigns against the Ottoman Turks
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What did the Cortes do?
The Cortes of Castile refused + Charles, although he was given some private donations, got nothing else from them
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What did the Nobles dislike Charles for?
That Charles I could not speak Castilian Spanish
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What did Charles do?
First meeting of the Cortes in Castile in 1518, he took a conciliatory approach + earned himself some breathing space
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How did Charles ease his foreignness?
marriage to Isabella of Portugal in 1525
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What did Charles do to his administration whilst he went to be Holy Roman Emperor?
He placed Adrian of Ultrecht (a foreigner) as regent of Spain in 1520
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What did this trigger?
It was one of the factors for the revolt of the Comuneros in 1521
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What did Charles try to do?
tax the nobility, he discussed it in a meeting, but in the end no outcome + the nobility stayed exempt
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He suppressed the revolt from the help of the nobility
because the peasants were destroying nobility land, Charles gained nobility relationship
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1519

Back

When did he become Holy Roman Emperor?

Card 3

Front

he was not always present in Spain even in the early years

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1519 - 1521, 1529 - 1556

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

No, as they were used to an absenteeism monarch, as Ferdinand was always in Castile or fighting wars

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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