Charles I Personal Rule

  • Created by: lx1234
  • Created on: 02-10-18 11:49
When did Charles dissolve Parliament for the final time?
1629
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When was Wentworth appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland.
1632
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When was Laud appointed Archbishop of Canterbury?
1633
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When did Hampden challenge ship money?
1637
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When was the trial of Bastwick, Burton and Prynne?
1637
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When was the English Prayer Book imposed on Scotland?
1637
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When was The First Bishops War?
1639
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When was Short Parliament called?
April 1640
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When was Long Parliament called?
November 1640.
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Why was John Eliot imprisoned in the Tower of London?
For advocating the rights and privelages of Parliament, he died in there in 1632.
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What is a nickname for Charles eleven year personal rule?
Eleven Year Tyranny.
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When did Laud become Archbishop of Canterbury?
1633
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What was the Treaty of Madrid?
A treaty that ended the war with Spain. 1630.
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How much did Charles annual spending on war decrease after signing the Treaty of Madrid?
From £500,000 to £70,000
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How did Charles focus on Crown Finances?
Management of Crown Lands, adding new impositions to T&P, reviving feudal payments.
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What were feudal payments?
Legal obligations from a civilian to the monarch. Charles set out fines for anyone who had built on royal grounds/forests, either knowingly or unknowingly.
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What were Monopoly Licenses?
Licenses that granted an individual or company the right to dominate production of certain products. E.G Charles issued a monopoly patent for the production of soap, claimed it would increase quality and supply.
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What happened in 1641 in relation to monpoly licenses?
Great public debate, opponents claimed people had been driven out of business and prices had increased in order to benefit kings revenues.
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Why was the Ship Money tax such a large controversy?
Introduced it as an annual tax, whilst other monarchs introduced it once or twice throughout their reign.
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How much did Charles get a year from Ship Money?
200,000.
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What is the Distraint of Knighthood?
A medieval custom that everyone with land worth more than 40p/annum was to be knighted by the monarch. If they had not attended Charles coronation, they were fined. 9,000 individuals were fined.
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What was the new insistence on control of the clergy?
Demands of strict adherence to rules and substitution of ritual and formality on individual prayer and preaching. Those who refused were brought before Church, failure to conform means deprival of your livings.
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How did Charles change English Churches?
Made them more beautiful, decorated with statues and colour, organs were restored, altar moved to East End so traditional communion could take place. Become more ARMINIAN
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How did Henrietta get involved with religion?
She had her own chapel and Catholic clergy, actively encouraged others to follow Catholicism and participate in Catholic worship.
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When was the Pope invited to England?
1635
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Who was John Hampden and what did he do?
A gentleman who refused to pay Ship Money in 1636, initiated a legal challenge, court found him liable, narrow margin, 7:5.
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What was the Trial of Burton, Bastwick and Prynne?
Three men who published anti-royal texts, publishing attacks on Government, Punishment: Cheeks branded, ears cut off and imprisoned in the tower of london.
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How was clergymen in the government made evident?
Appointment of William Juxon, Bishop of London, to post of Lord Treasurer, 1636
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How much did the yield of ship money fall?
20%
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What is a Calvanist?
Extremely strict Protestant
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When was the issuing of the Book of Canons to a Scottish Clergy?
1636
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Card 2

Front

When was Wentworth appointed Lord Deputy of Ireland.

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1632

Card 3

Front

When was Laud appointed Archbishop of Canterbury?

Back

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Card 4

Front

When did Hampden challenge ship money?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the trial of Bastwick, Burton and Prynne?

Back

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