Charles I - Partnership with the nobility

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Before Charles
Ferdinand + Isabella had expended much money - to "tame" the nobility
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Nobility had been appeased by
allowing them to collect local taxes + the monarchs granting them land from the war with Granada had done much to contain them
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What happened in 1516?
On Ferdinand’s death, the nobles saw their chance but was sabotaged by the Regent, Cisneros, to maintain law + order
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Charles I's relationship at the beginning was uneasy because
granted Burgundians + Flemings land in the New World, e.g. Yucatan + Cuba, Charles’ tutor Chievres, gained the right to appoint all vacant posts in America, Chievres, nephew, aged 17, made cardinal + granted archbishopric of Toledo on Cisneros’ death
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What did Charles I do when he became Holy Roman Emperor?
Put title of Holy Roman Emperor before title of King of Spain, suggesting that he regarded the kingship as an inferior role
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What revolt was triggered in his absence?
The Comuneros Revolt, 1521
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How where the nobles involved in the revolt?
When revolt began, the nobles felt threatened by the scale of the movement in the towns + the countryside, fearing radical revolution against themselves, became involved in Battle of Villalar suppressing the revolt
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The aftermath from the revolt
From this time onwards, the nobility were manoeuvred into seeking careers rather than power in the conventional sense, whether this really generated partnership or simply as uneasy alliance with the crown was not clear at the time
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How did the nobles help?
The nobles were the government’s shield against rebellion and riot in the countryside
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What does Kilsby say about the nobility?
the nobles’ authority had been enhanced by their prompt assistance in defeating the Comuneros + that the victory cleared the way for Charles and Spain to take on a more high-profile in European affairs
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What does Mulgan say about the nobility?
issue of noble loyalty was not political but economic; the nobility would not oppose Charles as long as their tax exemption was untouched
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

allowing them to collect local taxes + the monarchs granting them land from the war with Granada had done much to contain them

Back

Nobility had been appeased by

Card 3

Front

On Ferdinand’s death, the nobles saw their chance but was sabotaged by the Regent, Cisneros, to maintain law + order

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

granted Burgundians + Flemings land in the New World, e.g. Yucatan + Cuba, Charles’ tutor Chievres, gained the right to appoint all vacant posts in America, Chievres, nephew, aged 17, made cardinal + granted archbishopric of Toledo on Cisneros’ death

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Put title of Holy Roman Emperor before title of King of Spain, suggesting that he regarded the kingship as an inferior role

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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