Charles I

  • Created by: dilan_o
  • Created on: 05-05-18 12:03
Name a religious problem that Charles I inherited.
Historic religious conflict between Catholics and Protestants, War with Catholic Spain
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Name a political problem that Charles inherited.
3 Kingdoms, different structures, laws, cultures, religions and the war with Spain
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Name an economic problem that Charles I inherited.
No money left, war with Spain used it all up
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What was the Privy Council?
an inner circle of close friends and advisers to the King
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Name an advisor who caused Charles trouble.
Buckingham
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What is impeachment?
a process whereby the government advisors and officers could be accused of crimes by the House of Commons and tried in the House of Lords. It was a method of controlling 'evil counsellors' and demonstrating public anger to the King.
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What religion was William Laud and why was this a problem?
Arminian, similar to Catholicism. Laud was Archbishop of Canterbury, people felt threatened by the 'Catholic influence'
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Who was Laud particularly harsh towards?
Puritans
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What was the 'Five Knight's Case'?
Five knights refused to pay Charles a forced loan and were imprisoned. He refused to let them go to court, suspended habeaus corpus.
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Which two MP's led the group who forced through resolutions by holding the speaker in his chair?
Denzil Holles and Sir John Elliot
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When and what was the 'Eleven Years Tyranny'?
1629-1640, Charles I's Personal Rule.
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What was signed in 1630 that helped Charles economically?
Treaty of Madrid, annual spending decreased from £500k to £70k
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Name four methods that Charles used to raise money, excluding Ship Money.
Tonnage and Poundage, Feudal payments such as fines for building on royal forests, Monopolies, Distraint of Knighthood.
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Why was Charles' raising of Ship Money so controversial?
He raised it annually and from all counties, not just the coastal ones.
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Why was the income raised by Ship Money so important to Charles?
It allowed him not to call parliament.
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Give three reasons that led people to be so worried about Catholicism.
Henrietta Maria and her friends were Catholic, she brought up Charles' children as Catholics. Laudian influence. Charles invited an ambassador from the Pope to visit.
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What caused the First Bishop's War and when was it?
The English Book on Canons (1636) and the English Prayer Book (1637) listed instructions on how the Church should be run and how sermons should take place. Riots ensued in Scottish churches, and 1638-1639, short war, won by the Scots, against Charles
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What was the Triennial Act, and who introduced it?
John Pym, and 'Pym's Junto', opposition group named by historians. Laid down an obligation for parliament to be called at least every three years.
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What rumour cause unrest in October 1641?
Rumours of Catholics massacring Protestants in Ireland.
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What was the Grand Remonstrance and when was it sent to Charles?
A document containing a list of grievances and propositions to extent Parliament's power and protect them from royal vengeance.
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What finally pushed England into a state of Civil War?
The 19 Propositions, including that parl. should oversee the ed. of the King's children, the threat of impeaching the Queen, + Charles' response- storming into parl. with 300 soldiers to arrest the 5 leading MPs, gathering forces in Nottingham.
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Card 2

Front

Name a political problem that Charles inherited.

Back

3 Kingdoms, different structures, laws, cultures, religions and the war with Spain

Card 3

Front

Name an economic problem that Charles I inherited.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the Privy Council?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name an advisor who caused Charles trouble.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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