Charles and Arminianism

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Who did Charles appoint as Archbishop of Canterbury in 1633?
William Laud.
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Why did Charles favour Arminianism?
Because the religion believed in the divine right of kings as he did.
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Which other Arminian did Charles favour and made bishop of Chichester?
Montague.
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What was the York house conference in 1626?
It was a conference at George Villiers' home whereby parliament wanted to persuade the kind away from anti-calvinism and also to discuss Montague's Arminian writings.
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Why were parliament opposed to Arminianism?
Because it was so similar to Catholicism.
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What Charles not like about English churches when he came to the throne?
The fact that they were so plain- he wanted to make them more extravagant.
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During personal rule, what book did Laud introduce that annoyed the puritans? And what did it say?
The Book of Sports (1633) and it encouraged dancing, sports, games and music on Sundays after church which was against puritan beliefs.
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What did Laud want to do with the clergymen?
Increase their education and status to make them equal to the gentry.
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Which prerogative court was Laud a part of?
Both High Commission and Star Chamber.
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What did Laud change about the altars in English churches?
Moved them to the East end of the church, raised them and railed them off from the communion.
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What did Laud do to the gentry's private pews?
Removed them.
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Who worked with Laud on his policy of 'Thorough'?
Wentworth/ Earl of Strafford
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Why was Laud victim to snobbery?
He came from a lowly/humble background- his father was a clothier so he had to build up his status over time and with hard work.
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What book was introduced to Scotland in 1637 that caused controversy?
The common prayer book containing high church ideology.
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When was Charles' official coronation and where was it?
1633 in Edinburgh.
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What opposition document/agreement was created by the Scottish to resist Laudian changes?
The covenant.
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When the Scottish protested against the common prayer book, what did Charles do to try and make them accept it?
He made opposition to the prayer book officially an act of treason and so began to arrest people.
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Card 2

Front

Why did Charles favour Arminianism?

Back

Because the religion believed in the divine right of kings as he did.

Card 3

Front

Which other Arminian did Charles favour and made bishop of Chichester?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the York house conference in 1626?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why were parliament opposed to Arminianism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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