Chapters 19-20

  • Created by: coco267
  • Created on: 19-05-19 18:53
Between 1947 and 1967 the British Empire was dismantled. Which 2 other European powers lost their empires?
France and the Netherlands
1 of 35
List reasons for decolonisation
Economic impact of WWII / Change in international situation / emergence of nationalist movements / changing priorities in Europe.
2 of 35
List 2 factors led to a rise in African nationalist ideas?
Growing economy / industrialisation / growth of towns and cities
3 of 35
In what year was a Legislative council set up in the Gold Coast?
1946
4 of 35
What was the name of the party set up by Kwame Nkrumah in 1949?
Convention People’s Party (CPP)
5 of 35
What political position had Nkrumah achieved by 1952?
Prime Minister
6 of 35
The Gold Coast along with Togoland became independent in what year and under what name?
Ghana – March 1957
7 of 35
When did Nigeria gain independence from Britain?
October 1960.
8 of 35
In what years did Sierra Leone and then Gambia gain independence?
1961 and 1965
9 of 35
What was the name of the ill-fated agricultural scheme that was abandoned in 1951 having cost £49 million?
Tanganyika Groundnut Scheme
10 of 35
Name the East African tribe that had suffered at the hands of white settlers?
The Kikuyu
11 of 35
As a result of this tension – what was the name of the rebellion that lasted between 1952 - 56?
The Mau Mau Uprising
12 of 35
Brutal oppression by the British led to increased calls for independence. In what years did the following countries gain independence: Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya?
1961 / 1962 / 1963
13 of 35
What does apartheid mean in Afrikaans and would did in mean in practice?
‘Separateness’ – led to racial discrimination towards black South Africans and segregation from white South Africans.
14 of 35
What happened at Sharpeville in March 1960?
Sharpeville Massacre – 69 black protestors killed by white police officers
15 of 35
What issue did the white population of South Africa vote on in 1961?
To become and Republic and leave the commonwealth.
16 of 35
What was the name of the federation the British set up to counter the influence of South Africa in the region?
Central African Federation (CAF)
17 of 35
In 1963 the CAF was formally dissolved and Kenneth Kaunda & Hastings Banda led their countries to independence. Name them.
Northern Rhodesia to Zambia and Nyasaland to Malawi
18 of 35
Which Asia country did the British rapidly abandon after WWII because it was economically unviable?
Burma
19 of 35
Name the Burmese nationalist who played a crucial role in independence.
Aung San
20 of 35
List the 3 ethnic groups that cause tensions in the Malay Peninsula?
Chinese / Indian / Malay
21 of 35
In 1963, Malaya united with Singapore, Sabah & Sarawak to form a new nation. What was the name?
Malaysia
22 of 35
However, what happened to Singapore in 1965?
Expelled from Malaysia and became a fully independent state in its own right.
23 of 35
What was the name of the speech given by British PM in 1960?
Wind of change
24 of 35
By 1947 which nation’s ambitions in the Middle East concerned Britain?
Communist Russia
25 of 35
In what year was King Farouk of Egypt overthrown and by whom?
Colonial Nasser in 1952
26 of 35
What was the name of the construction project set up by Nasser who had made himself President by 1956?
Aswan High Dam
27 of 35
What did Nasser do on 16 July 1956?
Nationalized the Suez Canal Company
28 of 35
Which 2 nations did the British involve in the attempted re-capture of the canal?
France and Israel
29 of 35
Highlight the overriding consequence of the Suez Crisis.
Britain’s days of empire were numbered.
30 of 35
Despite being anti-imperialist, why did it suit the USA to have a strong Britain in the post WWII world?
Relied on them to be anti-Communist and resist advances by soviet backed forces around the globe.
31 of 35
How much aid was given to the British as part of the Marshall Plan?
$3.3 billion
32 of 35
Why did French President Charles De Gaulle veto Britain’s desire to join the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1963 and 1967?
Because he believed they wished to reconstitute and preserve their empire.
33 of 35
The British Commonwealth of nations was formed as a result of decolonization. Who was given the role of Head of the Commonwealth?
The British monarch.
34 of 35
Which European country was a member from 1931 to 1949?
Ireland
35 of 35

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

List reasons for decolonisation

Back

Economic impact of WWII / Change in international situation / emergence of nationalist movements / changing priorities in Europe.

Card 3

Front

List 2 factors led to a rise in African nationalist ideas?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

In what year was a Legislative council set up in the Gold Coast?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the name of the party set up by Kwame Nkrumah in 1949?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The British Empire and the fall of colonialism resources »