Chapter 5

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What is meant by the term standard of living?
Standard of living describes the quantity and quality of goods and services to which people have access. It can be measured by the access to good health care and education. A high standard of living has a large quantity of raw materials.
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What is meant by quality of life?
It's not the same as standard of lving. It is measured by identify factors that increase or reduce people's quality of life.
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What is the gross domestic product?
GDP of a country is the total value of everything producing in the country in a year. The per capita is obtained by dividing this by the number of people living in the country.
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What is the GNP?
GNP is gross national product. It is similar to the GDP but includes the value of the output of a country's people and companies not just in its own region but wherever they are active in the world.
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What is energy intensity?
Energy intensity is a measure of the energy efficiency of an econmy.
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What is a fuel?
A fuel is a material for burning.
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What is a fossil fuel?
Fossil fuels are the fossilised remains of prehistoric rainforests or tiny marine animals that have formed over millions of years.
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What is a renewable energy?
Renewable energy source is one that is being replced as it is used.
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What isprimary energy?
Primary energy is directly avaliable from fossil fuels, nuclear fuels and any other direct energy inputs including renewables.
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What are secondary energy resources?
Secondary energy resources are produced by a conversion process. They convert energy resources into different forms such as electricity or cleaner fuels such as hydrogen.
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What is cost benefit analysis?
Cost benefit analysis is a process used in decision making by government which onvolves weighing up the cost and benefits of a particular course of action.
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What is nuclear fission?
Nuclear fission happens when a neutron splits the nucleus of a large atom, such as uranium-235, into two smaller nuclei producing more neutrons and releasing energy.
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What is carbon neutral?
Carbon neutal can be used to describe a process if it the carbon dioxide produced is balanced by the actions that remove an equivalent amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
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Card 2

Front

What is meant by quality of life?

Back

It's not the same as standard of lving. It is measured by identify factors that increase or reduce people's quality of life.

Card 3

Front

What is the gross domestic product?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the GNP?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is energy intensity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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