Chapter 1

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Skeleton
The bony framework upon which the rest of the body is built. It provides attachments for the muscular system and carries and protects the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
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Skeletal muscle
Attaches to and moves the skeleton. Often termed striated muscle as it has stripes on it caused by long muscle fibres of which it is composed. Also called voluntary muscle as it is the only type of muscle under our conscious control.
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Joint
A place on the body where two or more bones meet.
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Appendicular skeleton
The bones of the upper and lower limbs and their girdles that join to the axial skeleton.
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Axial skeleton
This forms the long axis of the body and includes the bones of the skull, spine and rib cage.
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Ligament
A tough band of fibrous,slightly elastic connective tissue that attaches one bone to another. It binds the ends of bones together to prevent dislocation.
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Tendon
A very strong connective tissue that attaches skeletal muscle to bone.
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Collagen
A fibrous protein with great strength that is the main component of bone.
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Calcium
The mineral stored in bone that keeps it hard and strong. 99% of the body's calcium is stored in bone.
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Diaphysis
The shaft or middle part of a long bone.
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Epiphysis
The end portion of a long bone.
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Bone marrow
Connective tissue found in the spaces inside bone that is the site of blood cell production and fat storage.
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Growth plate
The area of growing tissue near the end of long bones in children and adolescents, often referred to as the epiphyseal plate.When physical maturity is reached, the growth plate is replaced by solid bone.
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Card 2

Front

Attaches to and moves the skeleton. Often termed striated muscle as it has stripes on it caused by long muscle fibres of which it is composed. Also called voluntary muscle as it is the only type of muscle under our conscious control.

Back

Skeletal muscle

Card 3

Front

A place on the body where two or more bones meet.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The bones of the upper and lower limbs and their girdles that join to the axial skeleton.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

This forms the long axis of the body and includes the bones of the skull, spine and rib cage.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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