Chapter 8

  • Created by: coco267
  • Created on: 20-05-19 13:16
What was introduced to the Indian Raj in 1909?
An element of representative government was introduced at provinical level.
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What was the main job of the Viceroy and Indian Civil Service?
To ensure the regime was secure, the native peoples were content with British rule and India was profitable to the British.
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Why was the Indian Civil Service kept small and what were the numbers per district?
Due to pay and costly pension and there tended to be 3-4 officers per district.
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How qas India modernised?
Through the expansion of the railways and spread of education which allowed more Indians to be able to read.
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What was divide and rule?
Divisons within India and asserted Britain's moral authority to preserve British influence.
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What did members of the Indian National Congress critque about Britian?
British trading agreements, restraints on Indian industry and the heavy taxation to which the Indians were sujected in order to pay the high-earning British civil servants of the Raj.
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When was the Imperial Cadet Corps founded and what did it do?
It was founded in 1901 and it gave native princes and elite figures military training and 'speical; officer commissions.
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What reforms did Curzon introduce?
Curzon reformed the universities and the police, the lowered taxes and adopted the gold standard to ensure a stable currency.
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When was Bengal partitioned?
July 1905
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What was Bengal partitioned into?
It was spilt into a muslim-majoirty province of East Bengal and Assam and a Hindu-majoirty province of West Bengal.
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Why did this cause an uproar among among the Hindus in West Bengal?
As many of the Hindu elite owned land in West Bengal which they leased to Muslim peasants.
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What did Hindus see the parition as?
A pay-back for thier critiscm of of British rule so they portested and boy-cotted British made goods.
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Who led the campagins?
Surendranath Banerjee
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What were the consequences of the partition of Bengal?
The Muslim Elite (surpported the partition) formed the All Indian Muslim League in 1906 to regard the rights of Indian Muslims.
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When was Bengal reunited?
1911
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Who was left ot deal wiht Curzon's fail?
Viceroy Minto
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When were the Morley-Minto reforms introduced?
1909
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Why were the Morley-Minto reforms introduced?
To appease the Bengalis.
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What did the Indian Councils Act of 1909 introduce?
27 Indians to be elected from provincial constituencies to the Viceroy's council, which advised the Viceroy and assisted the making of laws.
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In the 1910 reforms how many Indians were able to secure seats in enlarged provinical councils?
135
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Why was the capital of India moved from Calcutta to Delhi?
As this was a Muslim stronghold so undermined the the Hindu groups.
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Why did Britian and France grow closer together?
Due to the Fashoda incident in 1898.
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What did the Entente Cordiale signed in 1904 between France and Britain lay out?
Frecnh agreed to respect Britain's speical rights in Egypt, in return for British recoginiton of the French take-over of Morocco.
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Who acted as the adviser to the Khedive of Egypt between 1883 and 1907?
Evelyn Baring
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What was Egypt political system like?
They had a partially elected parliament which consisted of an Adviosry Council of Laws and a General Assembly. (All government minsters had support from the British.)
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How mnay Britons were working in the Egyptian government by 1905?
1,000
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Card 2

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What was the main job of the Viceroy and Indian Civil Service?

Back

To ensure the regime was secure, the native peoples were content with British rule and India was profitable to the British.

Card 3

Front

Why was the Indian Civil Service kept small and what were the numbers per district?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How qas India modernised?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was divide and rule?

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