Chapter 6 - Perception

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Perception of form requires ... of ... and ...
Recogniton, figure, ground
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The Gestalt organisational laws of ..., ...,.... and .... describe some of the ways in which we distinguish figure from ground even when the outlines of the figures are not explicitly bounded by lines
proximity, similarity, good continuation, common fate
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One hypothesis suggests that our brain contains ... of all the shapes we can perceive. We compare a particular pattern of visual input with these ... until we find a fit
Templates, templates
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A second hypothesis suggests that our brain contains ..., which are more ... than simple templates.
Prototypes, flexible
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Some psychologists believe that prototypes are collections of .... (such as the two parallel lines and the connecting diagonal of the letter N)
Distinctive features
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Perception involves both ... and ...processing.
Bottom-up, top-down
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Our perceptions are influenced not only by the ... of the particular stimuli we see, but also by their .... and our ....
Details, relations to each other, expectations
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Thus, we may perceive a shape either as a ... in the kitchen, or as a ... alongside a country road, for example
Loaf of bread, letterbox
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What is bottom-up processing?
The perception is constructed out of the elements of the stimulus, beginning with the image that falls on the retina. The information is processed by successive levels of the visual system until the highest levels are reached,&the object is perceived
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What is top-down processing?
Refers to the use of contextual information - to the use of the 'big picture'. Presumably, once the kitchen scene is perceived, information is sent from the 'top' of the system down through lower levels.
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Card 2

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The Gestalt organisational laws of ..., ...,.... and .... describe some of the ways in which we distinguish figure from ground even when the outlines of the figures are not explicitly bounded by lines

Back

proximity, similarity, good continuation, common fate

Card 3

Front

One hypothesis suggests that our brain contains ... of all the shapes we can perceive. We compare a particular pattern of visual input with these ... until we find a fit

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

A second hypothesis suggests that our brain contains ..., which are more ... than simple templates.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Some psychologists believe that prototypes are collections of .... (such as the two parallel lines and the connecting diagonal of the letter N)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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