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6. Preparedness is;

  • A learnt behaviour that has no bearing on genetics
  • Genetically based predisposition within a species to learn certain kinds of association more easily
  • Orienting yourself to flight or flight mode

7. What is an emetic?

  • A drug used in systematic desensitisation
  • A drug that causes nausea
  • A drug to induce fear
  • A drug used to treat phobias

8. Which theory postulates that the CR and the UR should always be the same or highly similar (which is false)?

  • Compensatory-response model
  • Stimulus-substitution theory
  • Preparatory-response theory

9. Which process involves fear becoming stronger upon brief exposures to the CS?

  • Incubation
  • All of the above
  • Sensitisation
  • Extinction
  • Selective sensitisation

10. Can US revaluation happen through mere observation of a more/less intense US?

  • Yes
  • No

11. Ost's single session procedure

  • Has the duration time of flooding
  • Participant modelling (how to interact with the phobic stimulus)
  • All of the above
  • Has the gradualness of SD

12. The rescorla-wagner theory explains;

  • All of the above
  • Blocking
  • Overshadowing
  • Compound stimuli conditioning

13. According to the stimulus-substitution theory;

  • The CS acts a substitute to the US
  • None of the above
  • The CR acts a substitute for UR
  • The US acts as a substitute to the CS
  • The UR acts as a substitute to the CR

14. Which letter(s) signifies the associative value?

  • B
  • V
  • P
  • A