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6. The effect of a decreased in the CR when two separately conditioned stimuli form a compound stimuli for further pairings with the US is called;

  • The overexpectation effect
  • Overshadowing
  • The recorla-wagner effect
  • Blocking
  • None of the above

7. The compensatory-response model states;

  • The CR prepares us for the presentation of the US
  • None of the above
  • The CS that has been readily associated with the a-process to a US, will elicit the b-process
  • An already established CR gets associated with the US, and causes an opponent process

8. Ost's single session procedure

  • All of the above
  • Has the gradualness of SD
  • Has the duration time of flooding
  • Participant modelling (how to interact with the phobic stimulus)

9. What is an emetic?

  • A drug that causes nausea
  • A drug used to treat phobias
  • A drug to induce fear
  • A drug used in systematic desensitisation

10. Which process involves fear becoming stronger upon brief exposures to the CS?

  • Incubation
  • Selective sensitisation
  • Sensitisation
  • All of the above
  • Extinction

11. According to the stimulus-substitution theory;

  • The UR acts as a substitute to the CR
  • None of the above
  • The CR acts a substitute for UR
  • The CS acts a substitute to the US
  • The US acts as a substitute to the CS

12. When a level of emotionality and reactivity affect how a CR can be acquired it is known as;

  • Temperament variable
  • Pereparedness
  • History of control
  • Incubation
  • US Reevaluation

13. Can US revaluation happen through mere observation of a more/less intense US?

  • Yes
  • No

14. The preparatory-response theory says that;

  • The CR prepares the organism for the US
  • The US prepares the organism for the CS
  • The CR prepares the organism for the CS
  • The UR prepares the organism for the US