Chapter 3

Keywords

Includes definitions of fitness components

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Health
A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity
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Fitness
The ability to meet/cope with the demands of the environment
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Agility
The ability to move and change direction quickly whilst maintaining control
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Balance
Maintaining the center of mass over the base of support
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Cardio-vascular endurance
The ability of the heart and lungs to supply oxygen to the working muscles
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Co-ordination
The ability to use different parts of the body together smoothly and efficiently
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Flexibility
The range of movement possible at a joint
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Muscular endurance
Ability of a muscle or muscle group to undergo repeated contractions avoiding fatigue
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Power
The product of speed, i.e. strength x speed
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Reaction time
The time taken to initiate a response to a stimulus
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Speed
The maximum rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time. distance/time
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Strength
The ability to overcome a resistance
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Qualitative data
A measure of opinions. More of a subjective than an objective appraisal relating to the quality of a performance rather than the quantity
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Quantitative data
A measurement which has been quantified as a number, e.g. time in seconds, or goals scored. There is no opinion expressed. It is a fact. It is often the case that quantitative scores in fitness tests can be compared to national averages/ratings
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Circuit training
A series of exercises performed one after the other with a rest in between
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Continuous training
Exercising for a sustained period of time without rest, it improves cardiovascular fitness. Sometimes referred to as 'steady state' training
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Interval training
Training method that incorporates periods of work followed by periods of rest, e.g. work, rest, work, rest
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HIIT - High Intensity Interval Training
An exercise strategy alternating periods of short intense anaerobic exercise with less intense recovery periods
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Steady state exercise
Working continuously at the same intensity
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Static stretching
Stretching to the limit and holding the stretch isometrically
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Isometric contraction
Muscular contraction when the muscle does not shorten or lengthen - it stays the same length
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One repetition (rep)
Completing one lift of a weight
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One set
The completion of a number of reps
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The ability to meet/cope with the demands of the environment

Back

Fitness

Card 3

Front

The ability to move and change direction quickly whilst maintaining control

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Maintaining the center of mass over the base of support

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The ability of the heart and lungs to supply oxygen to the working muscles

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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