Chapter 2: Nutritional needs and health- Keywords

Healthy, balanced diet.
A diet that contains the correct proportions of: carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals and water. This is necessary for good health, to grow properly, be active and maintain a healthy body.
1 of 17
Diet.
The food that you eat every day. There are also special diets ie. low-fat, calorie-controlled, vegetarian.
2 of 17
Lacto-vegetarian.
Someone who doesn't eat meat or fish but will eat milk and milk products.
3 of 17
Lacto-ovo-vegetarian.
Someone who doesn't eat meat or fish but will eat animal products ie. dairy, eggs, plant foods (nuts, veg).
4 of 17
Coeliac.
Someone who can't absorb and digest gluten in their small intestine. Must avoid wheat and wheat products, and products containing barley, oats and rye.
5 of 17
Lactose intolerant.
Someone who can't digest the disaccharide sugar lactose. Must avoid milk and milk products.
6 of 17
Life stages.
Phases of development that people go through during their life: infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and the elderly.
7 of 17
Kilocalorie (kcal) / Kilojoule (kJ).
Units used to measure energy.
8 of 17
Energy dense.
A food that contains a lot of fat or carbohydrate and has a high energy value.
9 of 17
BMR.
Basal metabolic rate. The minimum amount of energy needed to keep the body alive.
10 of 17
PAL.
Physical Activity Level. The amount of energy used for movement and physical activity every day.
11 of 17
Energy balance.
When amount of energy we get from food each day is the same as the amount of energy we use each day.
12 of 17
Modify.
To change something in a recipe ie. an ingredient/cooking method to make it more healthy.
13 of 17
Nutrient profile.
The different nutrients that a specific food contains.
14 of 17
Risk factor.
An action or natural tendency that makes someone more likely to develop a disease or health condition.
15 of 17
Malnutrition.
Having a diet that isn't balanced.
16 of 17
Diet-related disease.
A disease/health condition where 1+ risk factors for developing it are how much of particular foods/drinks you eat or drink over a period of time ie. skeletal disease, obesity,type 2 diabetes.
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The food that you eat every day. There are also special diets ie. low-fat, calorie-controlled, vegetarian.

Back

Diet.

Card 3

Front

Someone who doesn't eat meat or fish but will eat milk and milk products.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Someone who doesn't eat meat or fish but will eat animal products ie. dairy, eggs, plant foods (nuts, veg).

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Someone who can't absorb and digest gluten in their small intestine. Must avoid wheat and wheat products, and products containing barley, oats and rye.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Design & Technology: Food Technology resources:

See all Design & Technology: Food Technology resources »See all Nutrition resources »