Chapter 18 - Abnormal Psychology

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The ... perspective argues that mental disorders arise from intrapsychic conflict that overwhelms the mind's defence mechanisms
Psychodynamic
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The ... perspective asserts that mental disorders have an organic basis, as physical illnesses do
Medical
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The ... perspective maintains that mental disorders are learned patterns of maladaptive thinking and behaving
Cognitive behavioural
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The ... perspective suggests that mental disorders arise from an oversensitivity to the demands of others and because positive regard from others is conditional on meeting those demands
Humanistic
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The ... perspective focuses on how cultural variables influence the development of mental disorders and people's subjective reactions to them.
Sociocultural
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The two major manuals for diagnostic mental disorder are the .... (....,2000) and the .... ( ,1992)
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV, American Psychiatric Association, International Classification of Diseases 10, World Health Organisation
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There is strong cross-cultural agreement for the diagnosis of disorder such as ..., although ... and ... are not as uniformly diagnosed; there are also culture-bound disorders which are not ...
Schizophrenia, anxiety, social phobia, universal
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Research indicates that ... people continue to show poor understanding of the symptoms, possible causes and treatment of mental illness
Lay
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Historically, people suffering from emotional or behavioural problems were believed to be ... or were accused of being ...
Possessed by demons, witches
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They were often subjected to ..., including ..., in which a small hole was punctured in the skull of the afflicted person to allow demonic spirits to escape
Torture, trephining
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Mental patients in sixteenth-and seventeenth-century asylums encountered ...
Abject humiliation
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..., a French physician, is often credited with changing the asylum environment in the late ... century
Philippe Pinel, eighteenth
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Card 2

Front

The ... perspective asserts that mental disorders have an organic basis, as physical illnesses do

Back

Medical

Card 3

Front

The ... perspective maintains that mental disorders are learned patterns of maladaptive thinking and behaving

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The ... perspective suggests that mental disorders arise from an oversensitivity to the demands of others and because positive regard from others is conditional on meeting those demands

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The ... perspective focuses on how cultural variables influence the development of mental disorders and people's subjective reactions to them.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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