Chapter 13 - Motivation and emotion

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Motivation is a general term for a group of phenomena that affects the ..., ... and .... of an individual's ....
Nature, strength, persistence, behaviour
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It includes a tendency to perform behaviours that bring an individual into contact with an .... or that move it away from an ... one
Appetitive stimulus, aversive
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What are the four features of the regulatory systems?
A system variable, a set point, a detector and a correctional mechanism
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What is the system variable?
The variable that is regulated
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What is the set point?
The optimum value of the system variable
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What is the detector?
To measure the system variable
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What is the correctional mechanism?
To change the system variable
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Psychologists believed that ... drives were produced by ... and that ... was a result of ...
Aversive, deprivation, reinforcement, drive reduction
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However, the fact that we cannot directly ... an individual's ... makes it impossible to ...
Measure, drive level, test this hypothesis
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Many reinforcers ... drive rather than ... it
Increase, reduce
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Thus, most psychologists ... the ... of the ...
Doubt, validity, drive reduction hypothesis of reinforcement
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Card 2

Front

It includes a tendency to perform behaviours that bring an individual into contact with an .... or that move it away from an ... one

Back

Appetitive stimulus, aversive

Card 3

Front

What are the four features of the regulatory systems?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the system variable?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the set point?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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