Chapter 11

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What is a clone?
Individuals that are genetically identical (to their parents)
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How can plants be cloned quickly?
Take cuttings
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What cloning process is used to produce large numbers of a rare plant?
Tissue culture
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What is meant by 'genetically modified'?
A gene in an organism has been changed
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What is 'genetic engineering'?
The method by which genes are transferred from one organism to another to change the genetic make-up of the second organism
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Give THREE uses of genetic engineering?
Insulin can be produced in large quantities, antibodies can be produced to treat disease, genetic disorders can be treated
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Describe how calf embryos could be cloned?
After sexual reproduction, a single embryo is produced. The early embryo is split into several groups of cells. Each group is transplanted into a different host mother
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Cattle could be left to breed naturally. Why might farmers decide to use embryo cloning?
For better breads of animals for example embryos can be flowing all around the world to benefit other farmers. Embryo cloning is a quicker, cheaper way to obtain large numbers of top class cattle.
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Card 2

Front

How can plants be cloned quickly?

Back

Take cuttings

Card 3

Front

What cloning process is used to produce large numbers of a rare plant?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is meant by 'genetically modified'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is 'genetic engineering'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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