Chapter 1: Nutrients- Keywords

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Amino acids.
The 'building blocks' that join together to form protein molecules.
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Essential amino acids.
Amino acids that the body can't make itself and must get from food.
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Biological value.
Number of essential amino acids that a protein food contains.
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Protein complementation.
Eating different LBV protein foods together to get all the essential amino acids that the body needs.
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Fat.
Macronutrients that supply the body with energy.
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Oils.
Fats that are liquid at room temperature.
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Fatty acids.
Part of the fat molecule (triglyceride). 3:1 fatty acids to glycerol.
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Monounsaturated fatty acid.
Fatty acid found in solid fats and liquid oils.
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Saturated fatty acid.
Fatty acid found in solid fats ie. butter, lard, chocolate.
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Polyunsaturated fatty acid.
Fatty acid found in liquid oils ie. olive oil, nuts, oily fish.
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Visible fats.
Fats in a food that you can see ie. marbling around meat.
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Invisible fats.
Fats in a food that you can't see ie. butter in pastry.
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Photosynthesis.
The process where green plants trap energy from the sun and form carbohydrates.
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Sugars.
Group of carbohydrates that taste sweet. Different types of sugars: monosaccharides and disaccharides.
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Disaccharides.
Group of sugars that contain two sugar molecules.Three types: sucrose, lactose and maltose.
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Monosaccharides.
Group of sugars that are made from one sugar molecule. Types:glucose, galactose and fructose.
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Complex carbohydrates.
Group of carbohydrates that don't taste sweet.
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Polysaccharides.
Group of complex carbohydrates that are made from many sugar molecules joined together. They don't taste sweet.
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Fat soluble vitamins.
Vitamins that are found in foods containing fats: ADEK.
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Water soluble vitamins.
Vitamins that are found in foods with a high water content: BC.
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Antioxidant.
Vitamins that help protect the body from developing heart disease and some types of cancer.
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Hydrated.
The body has enough water. Water needs to be regularly replaced.
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Dehydrated.
The body doesn't have enough water. Effects: thirstiness, headache, dark urine etc.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Amino acids that the body can't make itself and must get from food.

Back

Essential amino acids.

Card 3

Front

Number of essential amino acids that a protein food contains.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Eating different LBV protein foods together to get all the essential amino acids that the body needs.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Macronutrients that supply the body with energy.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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