Changing Urban Environments Flashcards

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  • Created by: AKR28
  • Created on: 31-12-13 12:34
What is natural increase?
The high proportion of young adults results in high levels of natural increase. The high proportion of young adults results in high levels of births. This can lead to an increase in the urban population while the birth rate remains high.
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What are the characteristics of the Central Business District (CBD)?
Public transport hubs; banks; shops; places of worship; high density of buildings and political buildings.
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What are the characteristics of the Inner City?
High density of houses - terraced; grid-like road system; hospitals; secondary train station; narrow streets; schools and old industry.
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What are the characteristics of the suburbs?
Lower density of houses; older and larger houses; relaxed grid-like pattern and greater presence of cul-de-sacs.
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What are the characteristics of the rural-urban fringe?
Different land uses - farming and forestry; out-of-town shopping centres; airports; business parks; golf courses and theme parks.
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What were the problems in Birmingham's CBD?
By 1980, many of the factories could not compete with cheaper goods from abroad and closed down. This had a negative effect on the local economy and the CBD. For example, the locals had less money to spend on the rundown Bullring Shopping Centre.
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How were the problems in Birmingham's CBD solved?
The Bullring was completely redeveloped and reopened in 2003. It now has more than 140 major shops including a flagship Selfridges store. A £400 million project has transformed Brindley Place into a smart, modern pedestrian zone.
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What are the housing issues in the inner city?
There is a high demand for houses in the inner city. Improved CBDs mean that people want to live near them. Also, universities situated in the inner city result in lots of students wanting to live in the inner city too.
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What is Urban Living?
The Urban Living Scheme in Lozells and Birchfield has tried to find ways to improve the quality of life for inner city residents. Old houses have been refurbished and replaced. Individual bedsit flats have now been converted into large family homes.
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What are the reasons for ethnic segregation?
Ethnic segregation happens because immigrants want support from others; a familiar culture; specialist facilities; safety in numbers and employment factors.
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How has housing been improved in Curitiba?
COHAB have introduced a housing policy that will provide 50,000 homes for the urban poor. Each housing plot comes with two trees and the promise of "an hour with an architect" to help plan each home. The "Green Exchange" means there is minimal waste.
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How has China and in particular, Chongqing, been affected by the environmental cost of rapid urbanisation?
In 2008, 16 out of the 20 dirtiest cities were in China. In Beijing, the Chinese government had to remove 3 million cars from the road and close down factories during the Olympic Games.
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How does BedZed cater for the social, economic and environmental needs of the residents?
Zedcar car-sharing club, promotion of walking, cycling and public transport. Roof gardens, rainwater harvesting and wastewater recycling. Natural, recycled or reclaimed building materials. Low-energy appliances. Homes are built facing south.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the characteristics of the Central Business District (CBD)?

Back

Public transport hubs; banks; shops; places of worship; high density of buildings and political buildings.

Card 3

Front

What are the characteristics of the Inner City?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the characteristics of the suburbs?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the characteristics of the rural-urban fringe?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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