Changing Urban Environments


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  • Created by: Harry
  • Created on: 19-04-14 11:17
What is urbanisation?
A process in which the proportion of a population lives in towns/cities increases, the % of people moving there rising, the urban % going up and the rural % going down.
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What are a few facts about Rocinha?
100-150,000 inhabitants, virtually 60 years old = permanent, one of may favelas in Rio, 1/3 of Rio's population (3 mil) live in favelas like Rochinha
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Describe Rochinha?
The most famous favela in the world, wires overhead = dangerous, no pipes/roads/electricity, very crowded, most people have poorly paid jobs, lack of schools, drug infested
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Why do so many shanty town residents work in the informal sector?
Lack of education/qualifications, can't get a formal job, and there are few jobs in shanty towns at all!
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Name 10 informal sector jobs
Prostitution, cleaning cars, guarding cars, drug dealing, shoe cleaning, repairing, drawing portraits, ironing, laundry, cleaning
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What is a self-help scheme?
People trading + loaning materials, government providing materials + equipment
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What is site and service?
Encourages people to move from first land to new land = better community
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What can the local authorities do?
Builds flats/schools/mosques
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Facts about Kibera, Nairobi?
Unemployment rate = 50%, 60% of Nairobi live in slums, over 100,000 children with AIDS/HIV
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What are the problems associated with living in Kibera?
Rubbish everywhere, vast spreading of disease, extremely high densities, poor materials, the area smells of charcoal and human waste
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What are some solutions for Kibera?
Housing improvements, sponsoring charities, United Nations Human Settlement Programme, self-help scheme, affordable electricity, medical equipment provided
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How is Curitiba known as the 'green capital'?
Dedicates itself to being environmentally friendly, Jaime Lether given 3 days to completely change it's layout for the better = succeeded, Provides bus system = 500x cheaper than making a subway.
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How does Curitiba deal with slums?
'THE GREEN EXCHANGE': People find litter for recycling = receive food tokens in return = encourages people to recycle, introduced housing policy to provide 50,000 homes for the poor,
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Elaborate on the bus system?
4 elements: Direct line buses = operate from key pick up points, Speedy buses: operate on 5 main routes into city, Inner-District buses: join up districts without crossing city centre, Feeder Mini buses: pick up people from residential areas
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are a few facts about Rocinha?

Back

100-150,000 inhabitants, virtually 60 years old = permanent, one of may favelas in Rio, 1/3 of Rio's population (3 mil) live in favelas like Rochinha

Card 3

Front

Describe Rochinha?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why do so many shanty town residents work in the informal sector?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name 10 informal sector jobs

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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