Changing urban environment- Glossary

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  • Created by: Jordss
  • Created on: 29-04-14 16:39
Rural-urban migration
Process where people move form countryside to the towns
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Industrial Revolution
19the century where jobs created in the new factories
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Agricultural Revolution
19th century where machines replaced labour on the farms
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CBD
Central Business District main shopping and service area, middle of the city
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Inner city
Area around the CBD build before 1918 in the UK
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The suburb
Housing area towards the edge of the city
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The rural-urban fringe
Edge of a city, both urban land uses (factories) and rural land uses (farms) fewer larger homes
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Household
One or more people living at the same address
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Brownfield site
Land that has been built on before and will be cleared and reused found in the inner city
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Greenfield site
Land that hasn't been built on before usually in the countryside on the edge of a built up area
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Urban Developments Coroporation (UDC)
Set up in 1980'snd 1990's using public funding to buy land improving inner areas by attracting private investment
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City challenge
Strategy where local authorities designed and sumited a bid for funding competing against other councils had to become part of a partnership involving local community and private companies, funding part of development
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Regeneration
Improving an area
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Sustainable community
Community (offering housing, employment, and recreational opportunities) broadly balanced with environment offers good quality of life
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Quality of life
How good a persons life is measured by quality of housing, environment, access to education, health care, how secure people feel, how contented/ satisfied they feel with their lifestyle
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Park and ride scheme
Bus services runs to key places from car parks at the edge of a busy place, reduces traffic flow and pollution
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Segregation
Particular ethnic group choose to live with others from same ethnic group separated from others
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Squatter settlements
Areas of cities usually outskirts in LEDC's that are built by people of any materials they can find that doesn't belong to them, known as shanty towns
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Informal sector
Part of economy where jobs are created by people trying to get an income e.g. Shoe shining are not recognised by official figures
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Self-help scheme
Government and local people working together to improve life in settlements. Government supplies building materials for local people to use them to build their own homes
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Site and Service Schemes
Land is divided into individual plots and water, sanitation, electricity and track layout are supplied
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Industrialisation
Process which increasing proportion of population are employed in manufacturing sector of economy
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Disposal of waste
Getting rid of unwanted items such as solid waste
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Air pollution
Harmful substances into atmosphere such as carbon dioxide
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Water pollution
Poisonous substances into water courses such as sewage, industrial effluent and harmful chemicals
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Sustainable city
Urban area where residents have a way of life that will last a long time. Environment isn't damaged due to local involvement is able to stand the test of time
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Sustainability
Development preserves future resources,standards of living and the needs of future generations
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Urban sprawl
Uncontrolled outward expansion of built up area of town/city
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Incineration
Getting rid of waste by burning it on a large scale at selected sites
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

19the century where jobs created in the new factories

Back

Industrial Revolution

Card 3

Front

19th century where machines replaced labour on the farms

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Central Business District main shopping and service area, middle of the city

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Area around the CBD build before 1918 in the UK

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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