Changing Urban Enviroments

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What is urbanisation?
Increasing population in cities and decreasing population in countryside
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What is rural-urban migration?
People moving from the countryside to the town
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What are the causes of urbanisation?
Rural-urban migration and natural increase
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What are the land uses un urban areas?
CBDs, Redevelopments, Suburbs, Inner City
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What does CBD mean?
The main shopping and service area in a city. Usually in the middle of the city to make it easily accessible
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What is the inner city?
The area around the CBD
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What is the outer city/ suburbs?
The area on the edge of the city, usually newer
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How is housing an issue for people living in rich urban areas?
There are more people so they need more houses..... Some families have more than one house e.g. Divorced families..... People leaving home earlier.......People are living longer
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How is the inner city an issue for people living in rich urban areas?
High crime rate, cheap housing, multiculturalism -> seggregation
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Where did the London Docklands Development Corporation investment come from?
£1.86 billion public sector investment, £7.7 billion private sector investment
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How much land was sold and how much was built? (LDDC)
431 hectacres sold and Docklands Light Railway was built along with 2.3km of commercial floorspace built, also 24,046 new homes built
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What did the funding go towards? (LDDC)
5 new health centres.....funding towards 11 new primary schools, 2 secondary schools and 9 vocational training centres
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What awards did LDDC win?
94 awards for architecture, conservation and landscaping
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How is traffic an issue for people living in rich urban areas? How can it be solved?
More money -> more cars....More cars -> more congestion...... Air pollution... Noise pollution...Solutions -> cycle lanes, congestion charge, park and rides etc
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How is multiculturalism mix an issue for people living in rich urban areas? How is it resolved?
Segregation due to the support you get from others, its a familiar culture, specialist facilities, safety in numbers. Resolved by -> English classes for adults and children, Surestart centres, increasing commuity involvement
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How has the CBD struggled and why?
It struggles to attract businesses, hard to park, hectic.... Out of town shopping areas offer more pleasant shopping and better parking
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What changes have taken place in CBDs to attract more people?
Pedestrianised areas, public transport, make it more pleasant
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What is a squatter settlement?
It is an area of a city that are built by people with any materials they can find. Also known as shanty towns or favelas
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What are the living conditions like in squatter settlements?
Bad sanitation, no water pumps, no electricity and little to no road access. Houses made of whatever they can find, overcrowded, water collected
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Name some problems people living in squatter settlements have (other than living conditions)
Poorly paid jobs, bad quality of life, crime, children uneducated, no privacy, lots of disease
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Describe the strategy of self-help - how it improves living conditions
Local authorities support residents, offers grants, cheap loans, materials to improve homes
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Describe the strategy of site and service- how it improves living conditions
Water, sanitation and electricity put in beforehand.... Build homes afterwards with whatever materials they can afford
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is rural-urban migration?

Back

People moving from the countryside to the town

Card 3

Front

What are the causes of urbanisation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the land uses un urban areas?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does CBD mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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