Changing Countryside

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Issues facing rural MEDCs
Pressure from expanding urban, tourism, seasonal work, transport, second home ownership.
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Issues facing rural LEDCs
Poverty, lack of local services, rural depopulation/ageing, not a variety of jobs, loss of land.
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Large estates in Malawi
When the British colonised Malawi, they built plantations. Large estates can afford irrigation and fertilisers, the workers get lunch and housing
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Small Holders in Malawi
Majority of farmers, produce 80% of Malawi's food. Cannot afford fertilisers, many are subsistence farmers
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Tobacco Tennants in Malwai
Child labour, workers lack health, the owner lends seeds to the worker, which they have to payback in money. Therefore the workers loose 30 cents per kilo.
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What are the problems of these farms?
Young men move to cities because of these, however rural areas decline as there are less people to work. Men send money home, but there is unused land in rural areas.
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Name two sustainable ideas for Malawi
Irrigation and GM crops.
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Explain the pros and cons of irrigation
Pros- incomes rise, food is available, increased crop yields, it is natural. Cons- Not all the water is theirs, it affects the environment, the water is taken away from other areas.
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Explain the pros and cons of GM crops
Pros- solves hunger issues, wide variety of crops, drought resistant, long-term solution. Cons- artificial, TNCs could be involved, could be rejected by EU
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What are the benefits of tourism?
jobs/income, services are maintained, boosts the local economy.
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What are the problems of tourism?
Pollution (cars,) pressure on environment, no sense of community, seasonal jobs.
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Name 3 problems facing the Lake District
Traffic congestion, housing, footpath erosion
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Explain solutions to traffic congestion
Many people arrive by car to the Lake District and the roads are narrow. Solutions- charge to enter, park and ride, however people could park illegally, and buses might not fit through narrow roads. Build bypasses, but this is expensive.
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Explain solutions to housing problems
with second home ownership, there is no sense of commnity, there is an ageing population, local services are run down. Solutions- planning permision needed for second home ownership. charge 100% council tax to raise money to these people.
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Explain solutions to footpath erosion.
Main activity in the Lake district is walking, wet weather+ steep slopes increases erosion. Solutions- encourage visitors to stick to the footpaths. Close down areas where erosion has become serious, put up notices to educate.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Issues facing rural LEDCs

Back

Poverty, lack of local services, rural depopulation/ageing, not a variety of jobs, loss of land.

Card 3

Front

Large estates in Malawi

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Small Holders in Malawi

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Tobacco Tennants in Malwai

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

Sophie Russell

Sorry if there are any spelling mistakes, I was in a rush

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