Changes in family structure and social policy

  • Created by: Jazzy
  • Created on: 11-05-13 14:40
What was the Family like pre-industrialisation?
Agricultural. The family's main function was to survive (eg. food/clothing). It mainly has extended families all in the same household.
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What was the Family like during industrialisation?
Industrialised. Houses were crowded and many people suffered from sickness and ill health. Main functions were taken over by the state.
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What was the Family like in the 1950s?
Nuclear. Patriarchal. Conjugal roles. More help from the welfare state. Willmott and Young say that this was the best type of family.
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What is the Family like now?
Diverse and there are lots of different family types. Conjugal roles are becoming more equal and people are getting more help from the welfare state.
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Welfare State (1948)
Everybody who paid national insurance had equal rights to benefits.
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Conservative Policies (1979) - Part 1
Based on New Right ideas. They set out to reduce state intervention because they believe that the family is the cornerstone of society.
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Conservative Policies (1979) - Part 2
Families should be responsible for their own finances so they lowered taxes and cut benefits. Mums were encouraged to stay at home. They wanted to protect people in a traditional family.
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Conservative Policies - Child Support Agency (1993)
Absent fathers had to pay maintenance for their children.
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Conservative Policies - Children Act (1989)
Protected the rights of the child.
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Conservative Policies - Divorce
They wanted to protect the nuclear family by making divorce more difficult by making a compulsory cooling-off period.
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New Labour
Compromise between the new and the old ideologies. Marriage is the preferred basis for family life but it isn't the only way.
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New Labour policies
Civil Partnerships (2005) + They allowed cohabiting couples to adopt. They also use New Right principles by cutting benefits.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the Family like during industrialisation?

Back

Industrialised. Houses were crowded and many people suffered from sickness and ill health. Main functions were taken over by the state.

Card 3

Front

What was the Family like in the 1950s?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the Family like now?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Welfare State (1948)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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