changes in the uk economy

what are the different types of jobs
primary :agriculture / seccondary: manufacture / tertiary: service (heathcare, retail, offices) / quaterary: research, media, technology
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what is de industrialisation/post industrial economy
the decline in seccondary industry and the subsequent growth of tertiary industry
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what is globalisation
the growth and spread if ideas around the world e.g. culture, money, goods
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use data to show the increase in IT, research and service jobs
1.3 million people work in the ICT sector, the uk research sector employs over 60,000 highly qualified people, service (tertiary) has grown rapidly since 1970s, contributes 79% today.
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how have computers helped the post industrial economy
computers allow large amounts of data to be stored and accessed very quick. internet lets people communicate across the world
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how does IT affect the UK economy
internet allows people to work from home, many buisnesses are envolved with IT; manufacturing hardware and designing software
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how do buisness and science parks provide opportunities for economic growth
provides jobs which leads to multiplyer effect, keeps highly educated people in the city as they go from unis to science parks, encourages more companies to come to the city
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what is a buisness park, where is it located, and why
an area of land occupies by a cluster of buisnesses. they are located on the edges of tbecause land is cheaper, more land is available so they can expand, better acces cause no traffic and near highways
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what is a science park, where is it located, and why
a group of scientific and technical knowledge based buisnesses located on a single site. they are located near universities as they can use reseach facillities and employ skilled graduates
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what buisnesses are located in southampton science park
fibrecore, symertica, photon star, SEaB energy systems.
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what are the beenefits of locating a buisness park near southampton university
great links to the university, providing research facilities and academic talent, source of graduated employees from the univerity, attractive location with allot of green, close to M3, airport and rail links
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why was cobalt buisness park built in newcastle upon tyne
several support facilities, opportunities for recreation, close to the A1 road and 20mins from the airoport. the northeast of engand has also suffered from a economic decline so buisnesses in cobalt park qualify as government assistance
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what buisnesses are located in cobalt buisness park
siemens, procter&gamble, IBM, barnados, santander
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what are the impacts of industry in the physical environment
ugly, pollution from inustrial processes, waste products taken to landfill where burned so more co2, transport o9f materials releases co2 and new roads built damages environment
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what are the ways people make industy more sustainabke + example
torr quarry will be restored to create a water lake, it will be ade to look natural b using characteristical limestone features, 200 acres have been landscaped ro blend in with surroundings, regular monitoring of noise, vibration, dust, and water.
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continue
rail transport minimises the impact on local roads and villiages
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how is south cabrigeshires population changing (data)
in one year, migration increased by 25%. there is a ageing population in south cambridgeshire by 2031 this will be 29%. the population is growing.
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what are the social and economic affects of the population growth in south cambridgeshire
social: commuters use the services in the places they work not live which is bad for the local economy, 80% car ownership is increasing traffic, young people cant afford the high cost houses so leave. economic: expencive houses, high petrol prices
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continue
more migrants means pressure on services, less agriculture development because farmers sell land for housing
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how is the outer hebrides population trend (data)
50%population decline since 1901
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what are the social and economic affects of the population change in the outer hebrides
social: school children number falls which results in school closures, less people of working age as children leave due to lack of things happening there, aging population. economic: many services are closing due working people leaving
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why is there a north south divide in the UK
during the industrial revolution the uk's growth was centered in the north. since the 1970s, industry has declined so in the south service jobs increased
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use and example of something that has happened to reduce the gap
BBC moved from london to sulford keys in manchester which provided many jobs and caused the multiplyer effect as small buisnesses which bbc uses their services, will move there too boosting the overall economy.
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what has the government done to reduce the north-south divide
HS2 (high speed rail service) added between london and the north and the electrification of the trans pennine railway. upgrade of the M62 cross pennine motorway, the new liverpool2 deepwater container port
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what are the UK trade links
uk mainly trades with EU countries (218.5 billion imports 146.8 exports EU) biggest EU partner germany biggers non eu parter america. many british companies are TNCs
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what are the UKs transport links
there are many international airports connecting uk with cities in every continent. huge ports arround country. rail links to continent via eurotunner whihc links to EUs wider network
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what are the UKs EU links
joined EU n 1973, eu investment bank invests in companies such as jaguar
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what are UKs cultural links
english is the first language of many countries and main language used for buisnesses arround the world. many british actors foods and singers are popular arround the world
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what are the UKs electronic links
uk is linked up via a cable network under the sea. cables linking to north and south america, africa, europe. links remote areas via satelite. government wants 90% of country to have superfast broadband by 2020
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what are the UKs thinks through common wealth
established in 1949 by queen elizabeth. 53 countries are part, they were all old terretories of the british empire (al are equal). they have no legal obligation just share values and history. produces GDP of 10.45 trillion dollars.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what is de industrialisation/post industrial economy

Back

the decline in seccondary industry and the subsequent growth of tertiary industry

Card 3

Front

what is globalisation

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

use data to show the increase in IT, research and service jobs

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

how have computers helped the post industrial economy

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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