CHANGES IN SOCIETY-New deal

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The two candidates fighting the presidential election in November 1932 were and what were they tempting to do?
Republican Herbert Hoover , who was attempting to be re-elected and the Democrat Franklin Delano Roosevelt
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Who won?
Roosevelt won a landslide victory securing 42 of the 48 states
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Herbert Hoover in the 1932 election was deeply unpopular , give the 4 reasons why people did not like him?
Republicans were blamed for the depression , Hoover was criticised for the harsh treatment of the Bonus Army , Relief schemes were too small and too late , Hoover seemed to offer nothing new
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Franklin Delano Roosevelt possessed attractions and the four reasons were?
Democrats offered a more caring image , Roosevelt had overcome personal hardship: he suffered from polio- he was a fighter , Roosevelt kept his message simple-The three R's , he promised the american people a "New Deal"
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When he took office as President in January 1933 Roosevelt introduced a change of policy known as?
New Deal
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It was based upon the three R's called?
Relief , Recovery , Reform
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In his first 100 days he introduced a large number of goverment programmes aimed to restore?
the shattered economy
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He also created?
the alphabet agencies
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What does alphabet agencies mean?
Nickname given to the group of organisations set up as part of the new deal
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What does New deal men?
Policies introduced by President Roosevelt to deal with the effects of the Great Depression
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What does EBA stand for?
Emergency banking act
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What was the problem?
Americans had little confidence in the banks , they had gone bankrupt
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What was the solution?
The government closed all banks for ten years , Roosevelt reassured the American people that their money was safe , the government officially banked 5000 banks which helped to restore confidence
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What does FERA stand for?
Federal Emergency Relief Administration
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What was the problem?
Poverty and unemployment
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What was the solution?
This provided $500 million for emergency relief to help the poor and homeless (providing food and clothing)
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What does PWA stand for?
Public Works Administartion
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Whats the problem?
unemployment
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Whats the solution?
The government spent $3,300 million on public works project for the unemployed- slum clearance , building schools , roads , hospitials
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In January 1935 Roosevelt introduced a Second New Deal which targeted?
the rights of worker , the poor and unemployed
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What were the 4 acts?
Works Progress Administration , National Labour Relations Act , Fair Labour Standards Act , Social security act
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Whats the problem of the Works Progress Administrations act?
unemplyment
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Whats the soluion?
The oversaw job creation schemes-putting people to work building roads , schools , hospitals , airports and harbours
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Whats the problem of the National Labour Relations Act?
workers rights
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Whats the solution?
This gave workers the legal right to join trade unions , it stopped employers sacking union members it set up the National Labour Relations Board which protected workers against unfair practices
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What the problem Fair Labour Standards Act?
Fair play for workers
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Whats the solution?
This tightened up laws against child labour and minimum wages , 300,000 workers secured higher wages as a result and 1 million had shorter working week.
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Whats the problem of the social security act?
Poverty
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Whats the solution?
This set up national system of social security , providing pensions for over 65s and aid to the disabled , widows and orphans as well as unemployed benifits
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who won?

Back

Roosevelt won a landslide victory securing 42 of the 48 states

Card 3

Front

Herbert Hoover in the 1932 election was deeply unpopular , give the 4 reasons why people did not like him?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Franklin Delano Roosevelt possessed attractions and the four reasons were?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When he took office as President in January 1933 Roosevelt introduced a change of policy known as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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