Challenges to the Weimar Government from the Left, 1919-1923

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The Spartacists: Who, When, Why?
They were a communist party led by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg. Early 1919. Wanted a Germany ruled by workers' councils or soviets AND argued strongly against Everts plans for democracy.
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What did the Spartacists do to cause a threat?
They launched a bid for power joined by Rebel Soldiers and Sailors and set up soviets in many towns.
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How did Ebert react to the Spartacists in 1919?
Ebert made an agreement with anti-communist ex-soldiers groups called the Freikorps to put down the rebellion
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What happened between the Spartacists and Freikorps?
There was bitter street fighting with both sides heavily armed and high casualties. However, the Freikorps won. Liebknecht and Luxemburg were murdered.
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The Bavarian Uprising: Who, When, Why?
Communists in Bavaria. February 1919-May 1919. Bavaria, in the south of Germany, was still an independant SOCIALIST state led by Kurt Eisner (Eberts ally). However, the COMMUNISTS wanted a communist rule.
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How did the Communists create the Bavarian Uprising?
The Communists (socialist political opponents) murdered Kurt Eisner in February. They then seized the opportunity to declare a soviet republic in Bavaria.
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How did Ebert react to the Communists in Bavaria?
He sent in the Freikorps to crush the revolt in May 1919. 600 communists were killed
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The Ruhr Crisis: Who, When, Why?
Communists in the Ruhr industiral area. 1920. Communist agitation.
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How did Ebert deal with the Communist agitation in the Ruhr?
Police, army and Freikorps clashed with the Communists. 2,000 casualties.
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Card 2

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What did the Spartacists do to cause a threat?

Back

They launched a bid for power joined by Rebel Soldiers and Sailors and set up soviets in many towns.

Card 3

Front

How did Ebert react to the Spartacists in 1919?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happened between the Spartacists and Freikorps?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The Bavarian Uprising: Who, When, Why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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