Challenges to Religious Belief

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What was Augustine?
A fundamentalist
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What did Augustine believe about Adam and Eve?
They were made perfect but they brought evil into the world as they had evil in them
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What did Augustine believe about God?
He is perfect and he made the world free from flaws- he cannot be blamed for creating evil
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What did Augustine believe about evil?
It is a deprivation of good- God cannot have created a deprivation
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What did Brian Davies believe about evil?
It is a gap between what there is and what there ought to be
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What does free will do?
Justifies the risk of evil
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Why did Schleiermacher disagree with Augustine?
There is a logical contradiction in holding that a perfect world has gone wrong
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What did Irenaeus believe about free will?
God gave us the potential to disobey him by giving us free will
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How is temporary evil justified in Irenaeus' theodicy?
Evil and suffering will be overcome and everyone will develop into God's likeness and go to heaven
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What strength did John Hick give for Irenaeus' theodicy?
If we were created to automatically love God our love would be valueless
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What strength did Peter Vardy give for Irenaeus' theodicy?
God had to allow humans to develop for themselves if their love of God was to be genuine
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What criticism did D Z Phillips give for Irenaeus' theodicy?
It is never justifiable to hurt someone in order to help them (story of Job)
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What does Process theodicy state?
God is not omnipotent so he didn't create the universe
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According to Process theodicy, why must God be responsible for?
Evil since He started off the process of evolution the He knew He wouldn't be able to control
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What did Hume believe about the universe?
It is an 'uncreated process which includes the deity'
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What are two strengths of Process Theodicy?
It removes the stumbling block of why God simply doesn't put an end to suffering & God suffering may encourage people as they realise He can have personal experience
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What are two negatives of Process Theodicy?
Removes the concept of omnipotence from God (denies God of classical theism) & If God cannot guarantee anything what's the point in human efforts?
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Card 2

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What did Augustine believe about Adam and Eve?

Back

They were made perfect but they brought evil into the world as they had evil in them

Card 3

Front

What did Augustine believe about God?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Augustine believe about evil?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Brian Davies believe about evil?

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