Challenges of an Urban World

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What's Urbanisation?
An increase in the proportion of people living in Urban Areas.
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What's Migration?
The movement of people from one place to another.
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What's Rural to Urban Migration?
Movement from the Countryside to a built up area such as City or Town.
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What's a Hub?
An area where lots of important Businesses are located. Making it important for the Countries Money Making potential.
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What is Natural Increase?
The way the Cities population grows as a result of Residents having Children.
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What is Industrailisation?
When a Secondary Industry starts to develop in a place.
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Where can be defined as Urban?
A 'Built-Up' Area such as a Town or City.
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What is a Megacity?
A City with 10 Million or More Residents. Some include, New York, Tokyo and Mexico City.
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Where can be defined as Rural?
An Area where Countryside is Dominant.
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Name a Push Factor for Rural to Urban Migration
People who want to get away from things they don't like in the Countryside. For Example Poverty, Conflict, Crop Failure and Natural Disaster.
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Name a Pull Factor for Rural to Urban Migration
People are attracted to things they like in the City. For Example, Higher Incomes, Better Healthcare and Education, Jobs and Safety.
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Name and Explain 3 ways that London can reduces it Eco-Footprint
Car Pooling, this is when people who live and work near eachother share cars reducing Costs and Emissions. Park and Ride Scheme, this is when you park your car and then ride the Bus into Town to avoid Congestion and Cramped Parking. Car Free Days.
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How are Cities in the Developing World attemping to Develop Less Polluted Cities?
Increase Bike Use, Decreasing Co2 Emissions and Congestion but Increases Accidents. Improving Public Transport, Decreases Congestion and Emissions but its not Mandatory. Solving Water Pollution, Less Disease and Epidemics but Expensive.
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How is the Transport in Curitiba more Sustainable?
It carries 70% of the Population, Prevents Traffic Jams and Uses 30% less fuel than any other Brazillian City. This Creates Jobs, Less Air Pollution and means there is Less Pollution.
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Why do some people call Curtiba a Model City?
Highest Recycling Rate in the World 70%, Income 66% higher then Brazilian average and 99% of the Population would like to live there too.
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Name 3 ways London is promoting Sustainable Travel?
Congestion Charge, Santander Cycles and Red Buses Go Green.
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Explain the Self-Help Scheme in Rochina
Rochina is a Favela in Rio with a population of 100,000+. By Self-Help, the Wooden Shacks have been turned into Brick and Concrete Homes with Water and Electricity. However because it wasn't planned it has no roads only paths therefore its cramped.
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What is Mexico Cities 'Hoy No Circula Scheme'?
It was introduced in 1989 and is when cars are banned from travelling on one day of the week based on their number plate.
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What is Masdar?
Masdar is an Eco-City planned in Abu-Dhabi. People believe that building New Cities from scratch is another Approach to Developing Less Polluted Cities.
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Card 2


What's Migration?


The movement of people from one place to another.

Card 3


What's Rural to Urban Migration?


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Card 4


What's a Hub?


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Card 5


What is Natural Increase?


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