Challenge of Weather and Climate Key Terms

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  • Created by: sheskely1
  • Created on: 16-08-16 14:16
Climate
Average weather conditions recorded over a period of at least 30 years
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Weather
Day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere involving, for example, a description of temperature, cloud cover and wind direction
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Convectional Rainfall
Intense rainfall often in the form of thunderstorms, resulting from very high temperatures and rapidly rising and cooling air
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North Atlantic Drift
Warm ocean current from the South Atlantic, which brings warm conditions to the west of the UK
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Prevailing Winds
Dominant wind direction
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Maritime Influence
Influence of the sea on climate
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Continentality
Influence of being close to or far away from the sea. Inland areas well away from the coast have a continental climate
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Insolation
Energy from the sun used to heat up the earth's surface
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Depression
Area of low atmospheric pressure
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Front
Boundary between warm and cold air
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Warm Front
Boundary with cold air ahead of warm air
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Cold Front
Boundary with warm air ahead of cold air
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Occluded Front
Front formed when the cold front catches up with the warm front
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Warm Sector
Area of warm air between a warm front and a cold front
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Anticyclone
Area of high atmospheric pressure
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Frost
Results from the temperature of the ground or of the air dropping below 0 degrees centigrade
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Fog
Water that has condensed close to the ground to form a dense low cloud with poor visibility
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Extreme Weather
Weather event such as a flash flood or severe snow storm that is significantly different from the average
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Global Warming
Increase in world temperatures as a result of the increase in greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, CFCs and nitrous oxide) in the atmosphere brought about by the burning of fossil fuels, for example
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Pleistocene Period
Geological time period lasting from about 2 million years ago until 10,000 years ago. Sometimes this is referred to as the Ice Age
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Global Warming
Recent trend showing an increase in global temperatures
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Greenhouse Effect
Blanketing effect of the atmosphere in retaining heat given off from the earth's surface
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Greenhouse Gases
Gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, which are effective at absorbing heat given of from the earth
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Recycling
Using materials, such as aluminium or glass, time and time again
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Congestion Charging
Charging vehicles to enter cities, with the aim of reducing the use of vehicles
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Kyoto Protocol
International agreement aimed at reducing carbon emissions from industrialised countries
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Carbon Credits
Means of trading carbon between organisations or countries in order to meet an overall target
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Hurricane
Powerful tropical storm with sustained wins of over 120kph (75mph). Also known as a tropical cyclone, a cyclone or a typhoon
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Eye
Centre of a hurricane where sinking air creates clear conditions
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Eye Wall
High bank of cloud either side of the eye where wind speeds are high and heavy rain falls
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Track
Path or course of a hurricane
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere involving, for example, a description of temperature, cloud cover and wind direction

Back

Weather

Card 3

Front

Intense rainfall often in the form of thunderstorms, resulting from very high temperatures and rapidly rising and cooling air

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Warm ocean current from the South Atlantic, which brings warm conditions to the west of the UK

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Dominant wind direction

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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