Cells

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Malnourished
The condition when the body does not get a balanced diet
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Metabolic Rate
The rate at which reactions of your body take place, particularly cellular respiration
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Inherited
Passed on from parents to their offspring through genes
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Overweight
A person is overweight if their body carries excess fat and their BMI is between 25 and 30
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Obese
Very overweight, with a BMI of over 30
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Ions
A charged particle produced by the loss or gain of electrons
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Infectious diseases
Disease which can be passed from one individual to another
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Microorganism
Bacteria, viruses and other organisms that can only be seen using a microscope
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Infectious
Capable of causing infection
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Droplet infection
A way of spreading infectious diseases through the tiny droplets full of pathogens, which are expelled from your body when you cough, sneeze or talk
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Direct contact
A way of spreading infectious diseases by skin contact between two people
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White blood cells
Blood cell which is involved in the immune system of the body, engulfing bacteria, making antibodies and making antitoxins
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Immune system
The body system which recognises and destroys foreign cells or proteins such as invading pathogens
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Antibiotics
Drugs that destroy bacteria inside the body without damaging the human cells
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Culture medium
A substance containing the nutrients needed for microorganisms to grow
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Agar
The nutrient jelly on which many microorganisms are cultured
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Natural selection
The process by which evolution takes place. Organisms produce more offspring than the environment can support so only those which are most suited to the environment - 'the fittest' - will survive to breed and pass on their useful characteristics
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MRSA
Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus. An antibiotic resistant bacterium
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Epidemic
When more cases of an infectious disease are recorded than would normally be expected
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Pandemic
When more cases of a disease are recorded than normal in a number of different countries
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Immunisation
Giving a vaccine that allows immunity to develop without exposure to the disease itself
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Vaccination
Introducing small quantities of dead or inactive pathogens into the white blood cells to produce antibodies that destroy the pathogens. This makes the person immune to the future infection
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Vaccine
The dead or inactive pathogen material used in vaccinations
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The rate at which reactions of your body take place, particularly cellular respiration

Back

Metabolic Rate

Card 3

Front

Passed on from parents to their offspring through genes

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A person is overweight if their body carries excess fat and their BMI is between 25 and 30

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Very overweight, with a BMI of over 30

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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