Cell Ultrastructure Functions

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1. What is the function of the centriole?

  • Assembles microtubules for the cytoskeleton, and to form the spindle to move chromosomes when nuclei divide during mitosis
  • Assembles amino acids to make proteins
  • Aerobic respiration is carried out here providing energy for movement
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2. What is the function of the nucleus?

  • Modifies and packages proteins
  • Contains genetic information in DNA
  • Photosynthesis

3. What is the function of the cilia?

  • Moves liquids or materials along tubes
  • Produces ribosomes
  • Contains the genetic information in DNA of chromosomes

4. What is the function of the Undulipodium?

  • Produces ribosomes
  • Moves sperm cells and other gametes
  • It makes triglycerides (fats), phospholipids and cholesterol

5. What is the function of the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)?

  • Transports proteins to the Golgi apparatus, also a site for ribosomes
  • Photosynthesis
  • Moves sperm cells and other gametes

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