Cell Ultrastructure Functions

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1. What is the function of the Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)?

  • Moves liquid or materials along tubes
  • It makes triglycerides (fats), phospholipids and cholesterol
  • Transports proteins to the Golgi apparatus, also a site for ribosomes
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2. What is the function of the centriole?

  • Assembles microtubules for the cytoskeleton, and to form the spindle to move chromosomes when nuclei divide during mitosis
  • Assembles amino acids to make proteins
  • Aerobic respiration is carried out here providing energy for movement

3. What is the function of the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)?

  • Moves sperm cells and other gametes
  • Transports proteins to the Golgi apparatus, also a site for ribosomes
  • Photosynthesis

4. What is the function of nucleolus?

  • To increase the surface area of the cell with a highly folded internal membrane
  • Produces ribosomes
  • Amino acids are assembled here to make proteins

5. What is the function of the mitochondria?

  • Aerobic Respiration
  • Production of ribosomes
  • Assembles microtubules

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