Cell Structure - Key Words and Definitions

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  • Created by: pvibrans
  • Created on: 08-04-15 09:28
Nucleus
Controls cells activities
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Cytoplasm
Where most chemical reactions take place
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Cell membrane
Controls the passage of substances into and out of the cell
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Mitochondria
Where energy is released in respiration
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Ribosomes
Where protein synthesis occurs
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Chloroplast
Absorb light energy to make food (photosynthesis) (plant cell)
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Vacuole
Filled with cell sap (plant cell)
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Algae
a single-celled plant cell
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Bacteria
A very small organism. Some bacteria are harmful as they cause disease
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Yeast
A single-celled organism which is used to make bread
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Specialised
This is the process in which a generalised cell develops specific characteristics which enable it to perform a specific function (For example, a red blood cell looses it's nucleus).
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Respiration
A chemical reaction which happens in the mitochondria of cells. Energy is released
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Cytoplasm

Back

Where most chemical reactions take place

Card 3

Front

Cell membrane

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Mitochondria

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Ribosomes

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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