cell parts and functions

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  • Created by: sangam
  • Created on: 11-02-14 12:33
cell membrane
the thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell. The cell membrane is semipermeable, allowing some substances to pass into the cell and blocking others.
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cytoplasm
the jellylike material outside the cell nucleus in which the organelles are located.
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Golgi body
(also called the Golgi apparatus or golgi complex) a flattened, layered, sac-like organelle that looks like a stack of pancakes and is located near the nucleus. It produces the membranes that surround the lysosomes. The Golgi body packages proteins a
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lysosome
(also called cell vesicles) round organelles surrounded by a membrane and containing digestive enzymes. This is where the digestion of cell nutrients takes place.
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mitochondrion
spherical to rod-shaped organelles with a double membrane. The inner membrane is infolded many times, forming a series of projections (called cristae). The mitochondrion converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP (adenosine triphosphate) for the
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ribosome
small organelles composed of RNA-rich cytoplasmic granules that are sites of protein synthesis.
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rough endoplasmic reticulum
Rough ER is covered with ribosomes that give it a rough appearance. Rough ER transports materials through the cell and produces proteins in sacks called cisternae (which are sent to the Golgi body, or inserted into the cell membrane).
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smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth ER transports materials through the cell. It contains enzymes and produces and digests lipids (fats) and membrane proteins; smooth ER buds off from rough ER, moving the newly-made proteins and lipids to the Golgi body, lysosomes, and membranes
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vacuole
fluid-filled, membrane-surrounded cavities inside a cell. The vacuole fills with food being digested and waste material that is on its way out of the cell
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nucleus
spherical body containing many organelles, including the nucleolus. The nucleus controls many of the functions of the cell (by controlling protein synthesis) and contains DNA (in chromosomes). The nucleus is surrounded by the nuclear membrane.
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nuclear membrane
the membrane that surrounds the nucleus.
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nucleolus
an organelle within the nucleus - it is where ribosomal RNA is produced. Some cells have more than one nucleolus.
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centrosome
centrosome
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the jellylike material outside the cell nucleus in which the organelles are located.

Back

cytoplasm

Card 3

Front

(also called the Golgi apparatus or golgi complex) a flattened, layered, sac-like organelle that looks like a stack of pancakes and is located near the nucleus. It produces the membranes that surround the lysosomes. The Golgi body packages proteins a

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

(also called cell vesicles) round organelles surrounded by a membrane and containing digestive enzymes. This is where the digestion of cell nutrients takes place.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

spherical to rod-shaped organelles with a double membrane. The inner membrane is infolded many times, forming a series of projections (called cristae). The mitochondrion converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP (adenosine triphosphate) for the

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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