Cell Structure

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What are the folds in the inner membrane in a mitochondrion called? What are there purpose?
Cristae, they provide a large surface are coated in enzymes that catalyse aerobic respiration.
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What are the stacks of discs in the thylakoid membrane of a chloroplast called?
Grana.
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What is the liquid mixture inside of a chloroplast?
Stroma.
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What is the purpose of a rigid cell wall?
To provide mechanical strength and to allow the passage of water.
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What is the cell wall in Prokaryotic Cells made of?
Murein.
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What are the 3 components of a Plant cell that are not present in an Animal cell?
Chloroplast, Cell wall and a permanent vacuole.
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How is a root hair cell adapted for its function?
It has no chloroplast and a large surface-area.
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How is a hepatocyte (a liver cell that produces proteins and lipids) adapted for its function?
It contains a lot of endoplasmic reticulum and ribosomes.
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What is the function of a capsule in a prokaryotic cell?
It helps to protect bacteria from virus, or attack from a host organism's immune system, by hiding antigens on the cell surface.
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What is in the matrix of a mitochondrion?
A mixture of enzymes that aid aerobic respiration, ribosomes and mitochondrial DNA.
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Card 2

Front

What are the stacks of discs in the thylakoid membrane of a chloroplast called?

Back

Grana.

Card 3

Front

What is the liquid mixture inside of a chloroplast?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the purpose of a rigid cell wall?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the cell wall in Prokaryotic Cells made of?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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