Cell Specialisation

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  • Created by: cscott20
  • Created on: 12-04-18 17:52
SPERM CELLS are specialised for REPRODUCTION
Long tail and streamlined head to help it swim to the egg. Mitochondria in the cell to provide energy needed. Carries enzymes in its head to digest through the egg cell membrane.
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NERVE CELLS are specialised for RAPID SIGNALLING
Function of nerve cells is to carry electrical signals from one part of the body to another
 Cells are long (to cover more distance) and have branched connections at their ends to connect to other nerve cell and form a network throughout the body.
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MUSCLE CELLS are specialised for CONTRACTION
Function of muscle cells are to contract quickly
 Cells are long (to have space to contract) and contain lots of mitochondria to generate energy needed for concentration.
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ROOT HAIR CELLS are specialised for absorbing WATER and MINERALS
Grow into long "hairs" that stick out into the soil
. Gives the plant a big surface area for absorbing water and mineral irons from the soil.

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PHLOEM and XYLEM CELLS are specialised for TRANSPORTING SUBSTANCES
Phloem and xylem cells form phloem and xylem tubes, which transport food and water around plants. To form tubes, the cells are long and joined end to end
. Xylem cells are hollow in the centre and phloem cells few subcellular structures.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Function of nerve cells is to carry electrical signals from one part of the body to another
 Cells are long (to cover more distance) and have branched connections at their ends to connect to other nerve cell and form a network throughout the body.

Back

NERVE CELLS are specialised for RAPID SIGNALLING

Card 3

Front

Function of muscle cells are to contract quickly
 Cells are long (to have space to contract) and contain lots of mitochondria to generate energy needed for concentration.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Grow into long "hairs" that stick out into the soil
. Gives the plant a big surface area for absorbing water and mineral irons from the soil.


Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Phloem and xylem cells form phloem and xylem tubes, which transport food and water around plants. To form tubes, the cells are long and joined end to end
. Xylem cells are hollow in the centre and phloem cells few subcellular structures.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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