Cell Division, Cell Diversity and Cell Differentiation

  • Created by: erkylurky
  • Created on: 14-02-17 17:19
Cytokinesis
Cytoplasmic division following nuclear division, resulting in two new daughter cells
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Interphase
Phase of cell cycle where the cell is not dividing; it is subdivided into growth and synthesis phases.
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Mitosis
Type of nuclear division that produces daughter cells genetically identical to each other and to the parent cell
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Chromatids
Replicates of chromosomes
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Haploid
Having only one set of chromosomes; represented by the symbol 'n'
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Homologous Chromosomes
Matching chromosomes, containing the same genes at the same places (loci). They may contain different alleles for some of the genes.
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Meiosis
Type of nuclear division that results in the formation of cells containing half the numbers of chromosomes of the parent cell.
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Differentiation
Process by which stem cells become specialised into different types of cell
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Epithelial Cells
Cells that constitute lining tissue
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Erythrocyte
Red blood cell
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Neutrophil
Type of white blood cell that is phagocytic (can ingest microbes and small particles)
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Stem Cell
Unspecialised cell able to express all of its genes and divide by mitosis.
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Tissue
Group of cells that work together to perform a specific function/set of functions
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Epithelial Tissue
Lining tissue- lines things
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Connective Tissue
Hold structures together and provide support, e.g. blood, bone and cartilage
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Muscle Tissue
Made of cells that are specialised to contract and cause movement
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Nervous Tissue
Made of cells specialised to conduct electrical impulses.
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Organ
Collection of tissues working together to perform the same function.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Interphase

Back

Phase of cell cycle where the cell is not dividing; it is subdivided into growth and synthesis phases.

Card 3

Front

Mitosis

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Chromatids

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Haploid

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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