Categorising texts

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Semantics:
The exploration of meanings that can be found in a text. E.g. oxymoron, register, irony, hyperbole, rhetoric, hyponomy, connotations, figurative language.
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Lexis:
Words and patterns of words. E.g. semantic fields, taboo, formality, colloquialisms, etymology, spelling.
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Pragmatics:
The ways that meanings in a text can work beyond their apparent surface meaning. E.g. implied meanings, cultural considerations, politeness.
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Discourse:
The way a text constructed, thread of the ideas, the constructions that link its constituent elements. E.g. narrative viewpoint, formality,shared knowledge, grammatical constructions contributing to register.
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Graphology:
Visual elements that contribute to overall effect. E.g. font, diagrams, graphs.
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Phonology:
The way that sound can contribute to the overall effect of a text. E.g. stress, pauses,intonation,alliteration, ryhme, rythm.
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Linking texts: Purpose:
Persuade, entertain, instruct, inform etc.
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Linking texts: Audience:
Age, gender, interest, education.
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Linking texts: Language varieties/ register:
Standard english, dialect, idiolect, private/domestic vs public/institutional.
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Linking texts: Degrees of language use:
Specialisation, politeness, formality,planning/spontaneity.
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Linking texts: Written vs Spoken:
Literary representations of speech/ actual language,
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Written vs Spoken: Conversational analysis:
Co-operative principle, turn-taking, adjacency pairs, backtracking, prosodic features.
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Written vs Spoken: Spoken language:
Prosodic features, slang/taboo, paralinguistic features, speech is an event.
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Written vs Spoken: Written language:
Space-bound, permanent, allows careful editing, lack of visual contact between participants.
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Written vs Spoken: Speech and pragmatics:
Who initiates/ changes topic, interruptions, implied meanings, humour, degree of co-operation.
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Language varieties: Variation over time:
Technology, synchronic/ dichronic approaches.
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Language varieties: Individual variation- Idiolect:
Age/social group/ interests, personal experience, gender.
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Language varieties: Social variation- sociolect:
Covert prestige, cultural variation, occupational/institutional.
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Language varieties: Geographical variation- dialect:
Standard english/recieved pronunciation, dialect.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Words and patterns of words. E.g. semantic fields, taboo, formality, colloquialisms, etymology, spelling.

Back

Lexis:

Card 3

Front

The ways that meanings in a text can work beyond their apparent surface meaning. E.g. implied meanings, cultural considerations, politeness.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The way a text constructed, thread of the ideas, the constructions that link its constituent elements. E.g. narrative viewpoint, formality,shared knowledge, grammatical constructions contributing to register.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Visual elements that contribute to overall effect. E.g. font, diagrams, graphs.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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