Case studies

MEDC urban improvement scheme
Birmingham England -Houses were changed from VCH to high raised apartments. Then changed to low raised apartments. They were changed because of problems like noise, crime stairs, cost.
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LEDC urban improvement scheme
Brazil Rio de Janerio - There is poor QOL due to bad housing. City council are building basic concrete shells that will have water sanitation and electricity. These are called Faveleà's. The main problem is they can build one of everyone.
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MEDC industrial change/redevelopment in MEDC
London docklands - docklands provide jobs and shipped in large amounts of good, I because of new technology the docklands closed. This created loss of jobs. It has then been replaced in to luxury housing and shops. This brought money into the area.
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MEDC urban improvement scheme 2
Birmingham England - the envelope scheme. City council pays for repairs/ renovation of houses exterior to stop people moving away. The problem is that the interior isn't improved. This means QOL doesn't change much.
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Environment under threat
Amazon Brazil - People are cutting down rainforest (deforestation.) This is done to pay back national debts. This increase global warming. Rainforest - shrub layer - under canopy - canopy - emergents.
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Coastal landforms
Southern coast of UK - the Bristish coast line is gradually being eroded away. Firstly the waves hit into the rocks creating cracks, then caves, then arches, then stacks, and lastly stumps of land. This means people's homes are being washed away.
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Charity/ international aid
Ghana (Wateraid) - water aid raises money to send teams of engineers to Ghana to set up water pumps and educate the community how to use them. Problems are that it's a small scale charity that can't help everyone. It's costly.
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Retailing / Service distribution, changes in a service
Bluewater London - Town has a CBD then main roads, there are main shopping streets and minor roads. There is also corner shops. there are then Suburban shopping archardes. Resently out of town shopping centers and online shopping has opened.
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National parks / Honey pots
Lake destrict North England - Areas that are protected for nature. Toursits visit being money in and some problems like rubbish, pollution, and crops and land being damaged. National parks are used for camping, sports, lesicher, walks and more.
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Multinational companies (MNC's)
Aplple American / China - Designs and sells consumer electionics, computers, PC's. Sles of $108 billion. Outsources with 156 companies making parts. Problems include pollution, horrendous work conditions, some cases sucide, and low pay.
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Climate Change / Flooding
Tewkesbury flood UK - River Avonand flooded in 2007, due to twice the normal amout of rainfall. Causes £6 million worth of damage. Crops and land lose. Homes and bussiness were damaged aswell as roads and railways. Defences were broken.
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Migration / Rural to urban migration (Urbanisation)
Rio de Janerio Brazil - Push factors no jobs, bad quality of life. Pull factors better housing . People are moving to Rio de Janerio. Problems young leave the eldely behind birth rate falls, Rio becomes too crowned.
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Urban to rural (Counter urbanisation)
Leire, Leicestershire UK - Wealthier individuals move to country leaving lower income for the people in the city. Pull factors nice areas push factors pollutions, noise. Over crowned happens in Leire.
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LEDC urban improvement scheme 2
Sao Paulo Brazil - QOL vlow bad housing. Self help scheme let neighbours use their different skills to improve each others homes. This doesnt cost the grovement, so money can be used for schools and hospitals.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Brazil Rio de Janerio - There is poor QOL due to bad housing. City council are building basic concrete shells that will have water sanitation and electricity. These are called Faveleà's. The main problem is they can build one of everyone.

Back

LEDC urban improvement scheme

Card 3

Front

London docklands - docklands provide jobs and shipped in large amounts of good, I because of new technology the docklands closed. This created loss of jobs. It has then been replaced in to luxury housing and shops. This brought money into the area.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Birmingham England - the envelope scheme. City council pays for repairs/ renovation of houses exterior to stop people moving away. The problem is that the interior isn't improved. This means QOL doesn't change much.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Amazon Brazil - People are cutting down rainforest (deforestation.) This is done to pay back national debts. This increase global warming. Rainforest - shrub layer - under canopy - canopy - emergents.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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